Angular Vs. React: What Is The Difference? (With FAQs)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 16 May 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Angular and React are two of the most popular frameworks many web application developers use to build modern web applications. Web framework helps make a web application structure easily and provides many valuable features like web services and web application programming interfaces (APIs) with minimal coding. If you are looking to build your career in software development, having knowledge of these two frameworks is essential. In this article, we discuss the difference between Angular vs. React on various key parameters, compare their learning curve, share reasons to choose each and answer a few frequently asked questions.

Definition of Angular Vs. React

Understanding the differences between Angular vs. React can help you determine their pros and cons. React is a JavaScript library for developing interactive and complex user interfaces. Angular is a structural, full-featured framework for building mobile and desktop web apps. Owing to its basic structure and tiny package size, React has a gentle learning curve, whereas Angular has a steep learning curve, which takes more time in the beginning.

What is Angular?

Angular is a typescript-based web programming platform. It is a component-based framework for creating scalable web applications. It has several well-integrated libraries and inbuilt functionalities, including routing and client-server communication. Angular has a set of developer tools that may create and expand projects varying from small to enterprise-grade applications. Angular drives many current innovations and technologies, making it a crucial development framework.

Related: 51 Angular Interview Questions (With Example Answers)

What is React?

React is an open-source front-end development library written in JavaScript. Programmers use it to create user interface (UI) components. Its component-based and declarative characteristics make it easy for developers to construct interactive and complex user interfaces. Once developers learn React, they can use it to write many types of applications. This helps developers create fast and scalable apps for any platform using React.

Related: 16 React Native Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)

Comparison between Angular and React

Following are some critical differences between Angular and React:

  • Type and age: Angular is a complete web application framework, whereas React JS is a JavaScript library and is much older than Angular.

  • Use of libraries: While Angular is a self-contained solution, developers can simply repackage React JS with other programming libraries.

  • Learning curve: When combined with Redux, Angular is tough to master and for beginners, learning Angular can take extensive training. React is a lot simpler to understand than Angular.

  • Community: When it comes to community support, React has a viable and dependable system in place, but Angular lacks stable community support.

  • Installation time: While Angular is simple to set up, it may result in an increase in coding time, which may result in project delays. React requires more time to set up, but it is extremely fast at delivering projects and developing applications.

  • Key advantage: While Angular provides a limited degree of freedom and flexibility, React allows you to choose the tools, architecture and libraries to construct an application.

  • Data binding: Angular implements a two-way data binding technique and enables you to assure that the model state changes automatically in response to any change. React's data binding is one-way, so you cannot modify the Ul elements without updating the appropriate model state.

  • Testing and debugging: While Angular allows for testing and debugging of an entire project with a single tool, React requires a collection of tools to do various forms of testing.

  • Documentation: Due to the continuing development process, documentation for React is not very up to date. Although Angular also receives updates regularly, the documentation gets updated more frequently.

  • Updates: Angular plans upgrades every six months, giving developers enough time to make any migration changes. Updates in React are simple because of the migration assistance provided by scripts.

  • Ideal for: React is ideal for developing large-scale and feature-rich applications, whereas Angular is ideal for modern web development and native-rendered apps for Android and iOS devices.

  • Application types: If you want to construct a single-page application (SPA) or a mobile application, you can use the Angular framework. React is well-suited for developing native apps, hybrid apps and web applications.

  • Model: React uses model view controller (MVC), but Angular uses the virtual document object model (DOM).

  • Written with: React uses JavaScript, whereas Angular uses Typescript.

Related: 13 Advanced Javascript Interview Questions With Answers

How does React differ from Angular from a learning perspective?

Angular is a broad and dynamic framework. While developers may initially find it tough to cover numerous components in Angular, it is beneficial to devote time in this initial learning phase to enjoy the development process. It begins with fundamental pieces like directives, modules, components, services and dependency injection. Angular's initial learning curve is significantly steeper than that of React JS.

The fundamental components to master in React JS are component creation, state management and configuration via props. While developers may find it unfamiliar to write at first, it is a beneficial tech stack because it adds no complexity. React JS often does not require developers to study and master logical structures, which may be a factor in the growing demand for React JS among developers. Learning the fundamentals of the framework, state management and routing libraries can help you begin designing complex apps confidently.

Related: What Is A Scaled Agile Framework? (Principles And Benefits)

Choosing between Angular and React

Depending upon the project requirement, you can choose between these frameworks based on the following reasons:

Reasons for choosing Angular

Here are some key reasons to choose Angular:

  • Ease of use: Built-in technologies like Rxjs and AngularCLI make it easier to construct data exchange channels and handle events independently with Angular. Using Angular, creating apps, adding files and debugging a project is easy.

  • Time and effort: Angular runs the components in parallel, which optimises the developer's labour and saves lines of code.

  • Performance: Angular offers improved overall performance of the web application.

  • Rendering: It provides rapid server-side rendering, allowing for the rendering of views that lack browser-side rendering.

Reasons to choose React

Here are some key reasons to choose React JS:

  • Integrations: Unlike Angular, developers require integrating extra entities to obtain access to React's specialised functions and fully interactive capabilities.

  • Scalability: React has state containers similar to Redux to facilitate the development of scalable applications, such as dynamic elements and renderer management.

  • Ease of conversion: It makes converting JSX into JavaScript for easier understanding by the browser.

  • Control: React uses code bundlers like webpack, which allows simple control over components and assets.

Frequently asked questions about Angular Vs. React

Here are some frequently asked questions related to React and Angular:

Is learning Angular useful for someone who already knows React?

While a good understanding of React is beneficial, a basic knowledge of other alternative frameworks or tools can always be helpful. Theoretically, you can perform anything with React that you can with Angular and possibly more. When you are responsible for choosing one between the two for a project, it can be very helpful to have a good understanding of both.

Which is better among React and Angular for single-page applications?

While both React and AngularJS are excellent choices for single-page applications, they are substantially different tools. There may be assertions that React is superior to Angular or vice versa. Whatever your perspective on the debate between React and AngularJS, consider making choices based on your functional and usability requirements.

What are some alternative web application frameworks?

Depending on your requirement, there are many alternative web frameworks available. Some well-known server-side web application frameworks include:

Server-side web application frameworks:

  • Symfony

  • Django

  • Ruby on Rails

Client-side web application frameworks:

  • Bootstrap

  • Backbone

  • Semantic-UI

What are some use-cases to deploy React JS?

React is a free and open-source library. It manages the application's view layer, and developers prefer it for creating reusable UI components. Changing the data without reloading the website is quick and scalable with this framework. Big scale applications often use React JS to load data without refreshing the webpage.

How does Vue JS compare to React?

While Angular and Vue are structurally and functionally identical, Angular serves as a framework for developing single-page applications. Alternatively, developers use Vue for advanced single-page applications. Vue's efficient design enables the rapid creation of interactive interfaces.

What jobs use Angular?

Angular is a web application development framework. As a result, web designers, web developers and software engineers may use Angular. Most developers who work with Angular are front-end developers. Depending on the specific role you apply for, you may interact with the Angular system more or less closely.

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