Indian Army Training Basics: The Infantry Training Battalion

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 13 October 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

The Infantry Training Battalion is a programme through which recruits become well-disciplined, physically fit and motivated infantry soldiers. This basic army training programme challenges the physical and mental limits of aspiring soldiers. Understanding what you can expect during this programme can help you decide if you want to enroll in the army. In this article, we define army training, explain the four phases of basic training and outline how you can prepare for it.

What Is Army Training?

Army training teaches recruits the principles of army life, military customs and necessary survival skills. During army infantry training, you learn how to accomplish tasks as a team and march, dress and groom yourself properly. There are several battalions in the Indian Army, including the infantry, composite maintenance and driving maintenance battalions, with each having its own training regiment. This article focuses on the training for the Infantry Battalion. Once recruits go through the Infantry Battalion training, they become members of the Mechanised Battalion and can carry a rifle.

How Long Is The Basic Army Combat Training?

The Infantry Training Battalion trains for 34 weeks in four phases. Here is a description of each phase:

Phase I

This phase is one week long and occurs at the beginning of the training period. During this week, recruits receive formal entry documentation and a medical examination. They also receive their kit and learn how to maintain it. Recruits also become familiar with the Mechanised Infantry Regiment Centre (MIRC) during this first week of training.

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Phase II

During the second phase, recruits take part in basic training for 19 weeks and then take four weeks of leave. Basic training comprises many physical activities, including marching, drill, route marching, weapon training and physical training. They may take part in obstacle courses and compete in physical activities, such as running. In the second phase, recruits learn the basics of weapons assembly, navigation and tactical operations during classroom work.

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Phase III

This phase involves 15 weeks of advanced training and follows a strict daily routine. Recruits take part in lectures on military discipline and culture. They also learn to maintain their equipment properly and handle their weapons effectively in the field under simulated conditions. They also study national issues dealing with defence and security problems and military tactics, such as reconnaissance drills, patrolling, camouflage and concealment. Sergeants test recruits on all the skills they have learnt so far during the first three phases.

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Phase IV

The final phase involves two weeks of Counter Insurgency Operations training. This training involves tactical drills, route marching, cross-country navigation and combat patrolling. Phase IV of the training programme includes a culminating graduation ceremony and marks the completion of basic training. Upon completing this phase, recruits become soldiers in the Mechanised Battalion.

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Where Does Basic Training Take Place?

The training for the Infantry Battalion takes place at the Mechanised Infantry Regimental Centre. The centre is located in Ahmednagar, a city in the state of Maharashtra. This training centre has a campus for recruits in addition to a training facility for the more rigorous phases of training.

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What Is The Structure Of The Indian Army?

The Indian army is led by the Chief of the Army Staff who is located at the Army Headquarters. Below that, there are several groups, including the Army Training Command and many active duty army groups including:

  • Operational commands

  • Corps

  • Divisions

  • Brigades

  • Battalions

  • Rifle Companies

  • Platoons

Each of these groups has a commander with a specific rank. For instance, an army commander of rank lieutenant leads the operational commands. A platoon commander of rank JCO leads each platoon.

Tips To Prepare For Basic Training

If you are planning a career in the army, consider following these tips to do well in your basic training:

Make a habit of waking up early every morning

In the army, you may get up at 4:30 a.m. every morning, so it is ideal if you are accustomed to an early schedule to make the adjustment easier. You can form the habit of getting up earlier by setting an alarm and becoming active as soon as you wake up. You could also try to see if you can still perform well with less sleep by limiting yourself to eight hours each night.

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Study in advance

You learn many things during basic training, and drill officers may interrogate you at any time. Studying in advance can help you maintain the calmness needed to make a good impression. Consider studying the army values and rank structure.

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Prepare physically

You may pass the physical test more confidently if you possess excellent health and fitness. Moreover, your sergeant may not require you to get additional physical training if you prepare in advance. To prepare physically, you can do exercises such as push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups, leg presses, seated rows and hamstring curls, You can also ask your drill officer if you can do other types of physical training, such as climbing stairs, jumping ropes and participating in a specific sport.

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Prepare mentally

One of the biggest challenges during basic training is maintaining your composure so you can perform well in difficult situations. You may face intimidating situations while in the field, but it is important to remember there are ways to defuse a situation before it escalates. You may also find it necessary to hide your feelings and emotions when under pressure or forced to act against your expectations. To become more confident, read army values and study army regulations before you arrive at the MIRC.

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Keep things in perspective

Drill instructors tend to use an authoritative tone that you may not be comfortable with, so preparation for this situation can help you avoid frustration. Remember, your drill sergeant is always right. Maintaining obedience during training may help you to have a more comfortable and effective basic training experience.

Bring certain items with you

The MIRC provides most of your basic training needs, but it is necessary to bring some things with you, including the following items:

  • Casual clothes

  • Essential toiletries

  • Cash

  • A lock and key

  • Official documents

  • Official orders

Stay focused and positive

Stay focused and positive during basic training if you want to succeed. When you are in training, they may expect you to perform on time and with the highest level of performance possible. Try using various strategies to stay positive and focused, such as meditation.

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Meet your drill instructor's expectations

The first few days of basic training are the hardest, as this is when you may be most physically and mentally tired and still adjusting to life in the army. It is important to try to meet the drill instructor's expectations as soon as possible. If you perform well in the first few days, you are less likely to spend a lot of time improving your performance.

Collaborate with the other recruits

The best way to get along with your fellow recruits is to build relationships by sharing information and working together. Always perform to the level of your peers. As everyone is equal in basic training, treat them with respect and empathy.

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