10 Essential Basketball Coaching Skills (And How To Improve)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 26 May 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Basketball coaches are the key members of basketball teams who help athletes train physically and mentally to perform well. This career can be very rewarding for those who enjoy playing basketball, making game strategies and teaching others. If you want to pursue this role or are looking to improve your coaching abilities, it can be beneficial to learn their various skills and how to develop them. In this article, we list some essential basketball coaching skills and share some tips regarding how to improve them for a rewarding career.

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10 important basketball coaching skills

Here are 10 essential basketball coaching skills that can help coaches train students effectively:

1. Physical stamina

Coaches serve as referees during basketball training sessions and frequently exercise alongside the athletes under training. Coaches may also stand or run for extended periods during matches and may be involved in multiple games simultaneously. Coaches also frequently serve as referees in basketball matches. Demonstrating the exercise to the athletes helps them understand it better, especially if the training is physically challenging to follow. For these reasons, excellent physical stamina is essential for basketball coaches.

2. Patience

As a basketball coach, you may train many different types of athletes every day. Each athlete has a different learning pace and possesses varying skills and talent levels. Having the patience to understand the players better and train them at their pace is important for a basketball coach. There can be many situations on the court that require the coach to calm an upset player or talk the team through a challenging time. For this reason, being able to remain calm and patient helps coaches train the team effectively.

3. Strategy

Coaches require strategic skills during all stages of athlete development, including planning, training and competition. During the planning phase, they use these strategies to focus on their athletes' nutrition and hydration. During training, they learn about their players' gameplay to better understand the strengths and improvement areas of the players. Basketball coaches plan the game style and strategies to ensure that each player can use their best abilities to win a match during a match. They also focus on understanding the strategies and plays of the opposing teams to determine how their own team can improve.

4. Networking

Creating a personal network of coaches, team managers and other professionals can help coaches find training groups and competitions for their team. This can also help you locate job opportunities that match your career objectives. You could also find a mentor in the form of a current or retired coach who can help you train the team better and share their training experience. If you are an assistant coach, you can also seek career advice from your supervisors or head coaches.

Related: Top 7 Networking Skills (How To Develop And Highlight Them)

5. Leadership

Basketball coaches use leadership to make informed decisions about their team. They often make decisions regarding the team constitution and captaincy, which can be an essential part of building a winning team. To do this, they require leadership skills to analyse information and arrive at valuable decisions. Being a successful leader can also be advantageous when speaking with potential recruiters. Coaches can demonstrate strong leadership when representing their team's athletes to recruiters, which can increase trust and collaboration.

6. Attention to detail

Coaches plan the team's strategies dynamically during basketball games. Coaches typically train themselves to concentrate despite the immense pressure of the game and the distractions that the audience may bring. They also pay close attention to the players both on and off the court to ensure that they do not sustain any injuries. During training sessions, coaches track each player's progress in the game as well as the types of exercises that can help them improve. Coaches usually build attention to detail and focus to fulfil these responsibilities.

7. Empathy

Coaches and trainers can often better understand their team members if they are empathetic. It becomes much easier to help athletes overcome their difficulties with the ability to be emphatic. Coaches who show empathy can inspire athletes to put more effort into their training. It also helps athletes build confidence and self-motivation. You can improve your empathy skills by listening attentively, increasing self-awareness and speaking calmly while providing positive or negative feedback.

8. Observation

Both coaches and athletes can use their observational skills to identify an opposing team's strategy or when a teammate may require help. The coach teaches these skills to their team so that they can make strategic decisions during the match. Simultaneously, the coach observes the game from outside the court to develop strategies to counteract the opposing team's play. During the break, the coach and the players frequently discuss these strategies. In the event of an injury, strong observation can also be life-saving.

9. Adaptability

Adaptability refers to being flexible or adjusting when something new occurs. It is the ability to respond effectively to change or handle unpredictable events, as well as conform to new circumstances. Basketball coaches frequently use adaptability in their work because basketball is a sport that undergoes frequent changes. For example, if a player with a strong offence injures themselves during a game, they can adapt to change the team's strategy to keep the match going. If these new strategies do not appear to be effective, they may revise their tactics or try new ones.

10. CPR

Basketball is a fast-paced sport and has a high chance of injuries during matches and training. As a coach in basketball and any other sport, it is important to be CPR certified. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is an essential emergency medical procedure that is vital for coaches to know. CPR can be life-saving in the case of an accident or medical issue that impacts the player's breathing when they are playing. As a basketball coach, it is crucial that you study the different medical emergencies that may arise during a match and learn how to respond to them effectively.

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How to improve your coaching skills

Here are a few steps that can help you improve your coaching skills and enhance your team's gameplay:

1. Learn about sports psychology and sports nutrition

Coaches often require the knowledge of sports psychology. Sports psychology covers how psychological factors can influence athletic performance and physical activity. The knowledge of sports psychology can help coaches improve the performance and personalities of their students. It also enables them to provide appropriate feedback and motivation or counsel the team when required. Sports psychology can also help coaches during the selection of players for teams.

Coaches also monitor their athletes' nutrition along with their training. The right nutrition can impact an athlete's recovery and performance during training and competition. It is essential for coaches to monitor hydration, muscle fatigue and injury.

Related: How Much Do Nutritionists Make? (And How To Become One)

2. Understand sports marketing

Sports marketing can help coaches promote their teams and access new sports events and promotion opportunities. The marketing of teams and individual players can be crucial because it decides the eligibility of various other teams and competitions. Coaches can also gather funding for the training and equipment through marketing.

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3. Learn about basketball injuries

Coaches usually monitor athletes and can be the first to notice any injuries during training sessions or competitions. Learning about injuries specific to basketball and how to respond to them can be life-saving in certain circumstances. Coaches also learn about common injuries that stance, posture and exercise can avoid.

4. Study gameplay

To become an effective basketball coach, it can be important to study different games to understand how other coaches formulate game strategies for their teams. You can also learn how other coaches train their teams and keep them motivated by watching them. You can watch past games of different basketball teams on video or attend matches in person. Studying these game strategies can help you understand how other coaches swap out players to change the gameplay from offensive to defensive or vice versa.

Communication plays an important role during training, and you can learn how to adjust your communication style based on the unique personality of your team. Learning more about the gameplay can also help improve your communication style and method.

5. Customise training sessions

Customised training sessions can help you effectively develop individual players' skills while improving team collaboration. Coaches design sessions with potential challenges in mind to predict outcomes and train athletes to ensure the expected results are in their favour. These plans include training schedules, diet and resting periods. Designing customised training sessions required skills such as critical thinking, observability, problem solving, analytical thinking and logic.

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