What Are The Popular Courses In IT? (Scope And Details)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 29 October 2022 | Published 15 November 2021

Updated 29 October 2022

Published 15 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

The demand for skilled professionals is increasing in the domain of Information Technology. A number of institutes and online learning platforms offer courses in IT for candidates who wish to expand their skills or pursue a new career path. These courses give candidates specialised knowledge and industry specific skills to succeed in this domain. In this article, we discuss some courses in IT which are popular and have good future prospects.

Related: 16 In-Demand Tech Skills To Have For Technology Careers

10 Popular Courses In IT

Below, we discuss popular courses in IT. You can pursue formal education in IT through different types of programmes like undergraduate, post-graduate, diploma and certification courses:

1. Data science

Data science courses prepare candidates to compile, analyse and manipulate large amounts of data and derive valuable insights from them. Data scientists perform advanced data analysis by combining different fields like artificial intelligence, statistics and data science. Professionals in this domain of IT require specialised knowledge and expertise to thrive in this field. Hence, a certificate or formal educational qualification may be necessary to successfully pursue a career in this field.

Reputed colleges like IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) and IIIT(Indian Institute of Information Technology), and various online learning platforms like Udemy and Coursera offer comprehensive courses in data science. The courses provide candidates with a solid understanding of important concepts in data science like real-time analysis, visualisation, Python programming and statistics. The programmes are designed to train candidates for industry specific job roles like data scientist, big data specialist, business analyst and machine learning expert. Popular courses are:

  • Advanced Certification in Data Science and AI

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Data Science

Related: Learn About Data Science Careers (With Skills and Duties)

2. Cloud computing

The requirement for professionals with academic background and expertise in the field of cloud computing can increase in the coming years. Cloud computing involves making computer system resources like data storage and computing power accessible without physical connections. It allows users to access and control these resources through the cloud, using an internet connection.

Consumers of cloud computing services can utilise the benefits of servers, hardware and programs without owning the hardware components. These services usually come at economical prices and customers can choose from a variety of plans that allow them to pay according to the nature and extent of their usage of cloud services. Rapid developments in data and technological advances in the domain of artificial intelligence and cloud computing are creating an increase in the requirement for cloud computing experts with specialised skills and knowledge. Popular courses are:

  • Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing

  • Post Graduate Certificate Program in Cloud Computing

Related: 10 Best Cloud Certifications For Professionals in IT

3. Cybersecurity

Candidates who wish to work in the domain of cyber security can obtain relevant work experience and educational qualifications to advance their career. Many colleges in the country offer graduate, post-graduate and certification programmes in the field of cybersecurity. These courses train professionals to guard computer systems, storage clouds and servers against cyberattacks, data theft, ransomware and malware. The right certifications can help you advance your career to higher designations like network administrator, system administrator, IT manager, security consultant and security engineer. Popular courses are:

  • M.Sc. (Master of Science) in Cybersecurity

  • PG Diploma in Information Security and Cloud Computing

  • Certification in Information Security

Related: How To Become A Cybersecurity Engineer (Salary And Skills)

4. Blockchain

With rapid advancements in data mining technology, blockchain is becoming increasingly relevant in domains like real estate, insurance, finance and healthcare. Blockchain is a virtual ledger that allows users to perform transactions and track the value of virtual assets. An international community of blockchain developers dedicate computational power at their disposal to fragment, duplicate, compile and store information regarding virtual transactions.

This decentralisation procedure makes it difficult to hack, alter or manipulate the information system. Hence, blockchain is reliable and guarantees a higher level of security and anonymity for individuals performing virtual transactions. Candidates who have a certification relevant to this domain can improve their job prospects greatly. Popular courses are:

  • Advanced Certification in Software Engineering for Cloud, Blockchain and IoT

  • Certificate in Blockchain Technology

5. DevOps

DevOps is a set of practices that integrates processes of IT and software development. It includes the use of multiple tools like Puppet, Docker and Chef. It allows cross-disciplinary communication and collaboration to increase the quality of software products. Professionals in this field may work through the entire software development life cycle, from ideation to roll out. Professional DevOps courses can provide you career growth opportunities and candidates with certifications can work as DevOps engineer, DevOps manager and DevOps architect. Popular courses are:

  • Advanced Certification Programme in DevOps

  • Executive PG Programme in Software Development with Specialisation in DevOps

Related: 75 DevOps Interview Questions And Sample Answers (With Tips)

6. Data visualisation

Data visualisation refers to the process of graphically representing data to facilitate fact-based analysis and easier decision-making. It incorporates various visual elements, like charts, graphs, infographics and maps. Data visualisation tools allow professionals to present information in formats that a wide audience can understand easily. It is an efficient way to communicate data-driven findings, conduct analysis and detect flaws in data sets.

Courses in this domain equip professionals with skills like data blending and interactive graphical representation. Courses in data visualisation can also help candidates improve communication and other fundamental skills. They can prepare you for job roles like business intelligence analyst, data visualisation engineer and data analyst. Popular courses are:

  • Effective Data Visualisation for Data-driven Organisation

  • Data visualisation with Python

7. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Artificial Intelligence or AI is an emerging technology in computer science that involves developing intelligent machines with the ability to imitate human actions and to an extent, human thought. Machine Learning or ML is a branch of AI which allows machines and computers to process data, learn from experience and adapt to changing circumstances. It enables a system to take decisions using previously collected data without conscious programming to provide instructions at every stage.

Candidates who wish to pursue a career in this field can obtain various specialised certifications and pursue degree programmes offered by universities. These courses aim to provide students a fundamental understanding of the concepts and skills required to develop effective AI systems. They may learn about the processes involved in incorporating AI in a workplace and other relevant functions of the technology. Popular job roles in this domain include machine learning engineer, data scientist and AI engineer. Popular courses are:

  • B. Tech in Computer Science Engineering (AI)

  • B. Tech in Computer Science Engineering (AI and ML)

Related: Guide: How To Become An Artificial Intelligence Engineer

8. Full-stack development

Full-stack development includes developing both the front-end and server side of a web application. Professionals in this domain are called full-stack developers and may possess a wide range of technical skills and knowledge. They program the user experience and the server-side architecture and have a working knowledge of coding, graphic design, UI/UX design and several programming languages.

Full-stack developers may be involved in all stages of developing an application or website. They also perform functions like testing and debugging. Certifications and courses in this field may help you learn the core concepts of front-end and back-end programming, working with SQL databases and coding using various programming languages. Popular courses are:

  • Advanced Certification Program in Full-stack Software Development

  • Beginner Full-stack Web Development: HTML, CSS, React Node

Related: What Is A Full Stack Developer? Benefits And Career Advice

9. IoT (Internet of Things)

IoT refers to various physical objects that connect and exchange data with other devices over the internet. These physical objects may be embedded with processing power, light, heat and motion sensors and other technologies. These devices collect data and share information with each other.

IoT courses help candidates gain a basic understanding of concepts like application of IoT, the manufacture and scaling of IoT hardware and connectivity and components of IoT. After completing professional courses, candidates can apply for job roles like IoT developer, IoT architect and IoT cloud engineer. A popular course is The Complete Guide to Building IoT from Scratch to Market, from Udemy.

10. Web development

Web development includes building, creating and maintaining a website. It can include a range of aspects like web design, web programming, web publishing and database management. Courses in web development can teach a candidate the basic workflows behind building websites and web applications from scratch.

As part of a professional course, candidates may learn to use web development tools and programming languages like HTML, CSS, SQL and Python. After completing a course, you can pursue job roles like web developer, HTML5 coder, web analyst and JavaScript programmer. Popular courses are:

  • B.Sc. in Multimedia and Web Design

  • Diploma in Web Designing and Software Development

Related: 20 Jobs in IT To Explore (With Salary Information)

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

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