Information Security Analyst Skills And How To Improve Them

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 4 June 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Information security analysts are professionals focusing on network and information technology (IT) infrastructure security. They stay updated on emerging security trends, investigate suspicious network activity, report security breaches and develop contingency plans to counteract cyberattacks. If you are interested in such a role, understanding the various skills these professionals use in security and information technology can help you progress in your career.

In this article, we define information security analyst skills, look at a few important examples of these skills, explore tips to improve and apply them in the workplace and share some techniques to highlight those skills in your job application process.

What are information security analyst skills?

Information security analyst skills help these professionals to monitor and protect computer systems from various security threats. These skills also help implement security practices with hardware, software and networks to safeguard an organisation's IT systems from cyberattacks. As technology advances, the importance of information security and privacy grows, making the skills of information security analysts crucial to the organisation's data security.

Related: How Much Does Cyber Security Make? (With Skills And Types)

Important skills for information security analysts

Information security analysts often combine hard and soft skills in their work. Following are a few key skills to improve for an information security analyst:

1. Information technology

A thorough understanding of information technology, including computer networking, is one of the most important skills for information security analysts. Security threats typically target computer networks, which comprise interconnected devices, so understanding network protocols is important for information security analysts. They can also benefit from staying updated on technology and security news.

Related: 10 IT Certifications (With Qualifications And How To Prepare)

2. Identifying security threats

Understanding the various common security threats and attack patterns can help you recognise and respond to threats to computer systems more effectively. Taking information security classes or pursuing information security certifications can help you improve your security skills and understanding. Attending various security conferences can also help you learn more about the latest security threats.

3. Analytical skills

Analytical skills help you analyse a large volume of data and think critically. Monitoring computer networks and looking for security threats is one of the common responsibilities of information security analysts. Strong analytical skills are necessary for these professionals to investigate and respond to attacks.

4. Proficiency in network and database

Working with network and database systems is a significant portion of their responsibilities. Familiarity with terminologies like virtual private network (VPN), subnetting, routing protocols, encryption techniques and secure network design is helpful for an information security analyst. They also require being proficient in data structuring, storing and distributing to prevent data leakage.

Related: Popular Jobs In Networking (With Duties And Requirements)

5. Problem-solving

As an information security analyst, detecting and responding to security risks is an important part of their duty. They often require making a quick choice to decide on the most effective strategy to respond to the threat without risking their organisation's data. They can also use problem-solving skills to fix security flaws in their organisation's IT systems and set up innovative measures to safeguard them.

Related: Problem Solving Questions For Interview (With Examples And Tips)

6. Communication

Preparing reports on security practices and conveying that to employees at all levels of the organisation is one of the key roles of information security analysts. They use their communication skills to explain security occurrences and processes to other IT professionals and those with a non-technical background. Following a security event or threat, information security analysts may also document the incident or threat for their company to pursue legal action. Written communication abilities, such as the ability to write reports, help them prepare clear and easy-to-understand incident reports.

Additional skills for information security analysts

Following are some additional skills that can benefit an information security analyst:

  • Attention to detail: As these professionals monitor computer networks and respond to security risks, having an eye for detail can help them detect dangers while noticing key attributes.

  • Teamwork: As they frequently collaborate with their coworkers to design and execute security solutions, being able to operate as part of a team can help them be more effective in their profession.

  • Creativity: Creative thinking can help information security analysts develop novel approaches to maintain safety and address security concerns. They can also benefit from creative thinking to predict security threats before they arise.

  • Stress management: They often respond rapidly to security threats to secure important data and access. This requires them to work efficiently, even under stress.

  • Learning: It is critical for information security analysts to continue to study to protect their organisations from security threats. As technology and security threats evolve with time, it is essential for them to stay updated on industry news and trends.

  • Writing: These professionals can benefit from technical writing skills, as they may be required to write security guidelines and reports on security occurrences. Strong writing abilities ensure these reports are precise and easily understandable.

Ways to improve information security analyst skills

Here are some steps security analysts can take to improve their soft skills:

Prioritise skills

It is beneficial for security analysts to prioritise the skills they wish to improve to concentrate their efforts. Consider the skills or behaviours you want to enhance and create a list of those abilities. If you are unsure of which abilities to improve, consult a coworker. Then rank each skill on your list to assist you in selecting one or two characteristics to enhance. Once you have mastered those characteristics, you can focus on other skills.


It is critical to practise a skill to improve your ability to apply them effectively in the workplace. Each week, plan and schedule a time to work on a skill. It may also be beneficial to ask others for help in practising your skills. For instance, if you want to enhance your attention to detail, you can request a team member to give you a few debugging challenges to solve.

Monitor progress

When developing technical skills, try to track your progress to ensure improvement in the right direction. Establish measurable goals for yourself to help in monitoring your progress. For instance, if you want to enhance your security awareness, you can set a goal of reading three weekly newsletters from top security publications. You can also ask for input from others regarding your progress. For example, you can invite another manager to a security meeting to provide feedback on your leadership and communication abilities.

Information security analyst skills in the workplace

As an information security analyst, here are some ways you can apply various soft and hard skills in the workplace:

  • Network security: As an information security analyst, you can review the IT and network infrastructure of the organisation and configure the networks, hardware and software for improved security and privacy.

  • Data analysis: You may analyse the various security-related data to predict and identify threats and help a business develop robust security plans to counter potential threats.

  • Communication: You can share recommendations for improving security procedures and systems with stakeholders. You can also apply these skills while speaking with staff and assisting them in understanding the requirements of a project.

  • Delegation: Allocating duties to staff to complete a security project on time can demonstrate your leadership, delegation and time management skills.

  • Collaboration: Encourage your team members to work on common goals by utilising your team management and dispute resolution skills. You may teach your employees how to work in a team by promoting open communication and collaborating with team members to counter cyberattacks.

How to highlight skills for the information security analyst role

While searching for a job for an information security analyst position, you can highlight your skills to help you make a favourable impression and differentiate yourself from other candidates. Here are some strategies to emphasise your skills on a resume, in a cover letter and during a job interview include:

In a resume

Demonstrate your applicable skills for an information security analyst's role in your resume and cover letter by outlining how you have used them in previous positions. Consider using bullet points to emphasise successes you have made with your soft talents in the experience part of your resume. Include a section on your resume for skills and check the job description to determine the soft skills the employer is looking for. Ensure that this part contains some of the same skills as the previous one.

In a cover letter

If your employer asks for a cover letter, it is beneficial to include an example of when you employed skills in a previous position. For example, you may discuss an instance when you successfully analysed the usages to negotiate a deal with a third-party software vendor. Such examples can assist you in demonstrating to employers how you intend to use those same soft talents to succeed as an information security analyst in their organisation.

In a job interview

You can demonstrate your skills when you communicate with the employer and respond to their queries in a job interview. Actively listen to the interviewer and ask clarifying questions if necessary. Respond clearly and succinctly to the employer's queries to demonstrate your communication skills. It is beneficial to use the situation, task, action and result (STAR) approach to explaining instances when you used your skills to solve a problem or safeguard the IT network from a security threat.

Explore more articles