Essential Pedagogical Skills (With Steps To Improve Them)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 26 May 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

In the education industry, the theory and practice of how teachers educate students is called pedagogy, where they use specific interpersonal and pedagogical skills to better engage with students. While you can apply most of these skills to all teaching professions, there may also be variations based on the context, culture and subject they are teaching. If you want to become a teacher, learning about these core skills can help enhance your teaching and learning process. In this article, we discuss some essential pedagogical skills and their importance, along with steps you can take to improve your abilities.

Why are pedagogical skills necessary?

When educators have the right pedagogical skills, it can help students navigate their learning process better while allowing the teachers to facilitate a student's holistic development. These essential skills also enable teachers to advance their learning and development while contributing effectively to their job role. These skills also enable teachers to improvise the quality of their teaching process and enhance the students' fundamental understanding of the concepts that teachers are instructing. Another advantage of having skilled and efficient educators is identifying their students' preferred learning styles to develop cooperative learning environments through these skills and abilities.

Related: How To Become A Teacher: Steps And Additional Tips

Essential pedagogical skills for educators

Here is a list of some essential skills for educators to develop and use in the classroom:


Communication is a crucial skill to succeed in a profession like education. Teachers' jobs require them to communicate with students, parents, and other teaching staff to better express their concerns and ideas. In pedagogy, effective communication can help enhance the overall learning outcome of the child's studying processes because it ensures they understand the concepts teachers convey in lessons. When teachers can communicate clearly, it also enables a healthy developmental process for children who can freely clear their doubts with teachers. This skill ensures that teachers explain complex subjects straightforwardly and children can approach them in cases of learning difficulties.

Read More: Verbal Communication Examples In The Workplace (With Tips)


Adaptability, or the flexibility to adapt to various learning and teaching environments, can be an essential skill for educators to excel in their professions. When teachers are adaptable, it ensures they deliver their duties efficiently while enhancing the learning process for children. Many students have different needs and studying capacities, so this skill also ensures that a teacher can adapt to their specific needs and structure their instruction style or schedule accordingly. Adaptability also ensures that a teacher can identify and accommodate a student's needs better without letting it affect the course of studies for other students.

Read More: Adaptability: An Essential Skill For Changing Workplaces


Collaboration is another essential skill for teachers to work cohesively and structurally in a learning environment. Teaching is a collective job where teachers and students work together to achieve the best outcomes. It is often imperative that teachers can effectively listen and follow up with their students and team members to ensure learning proficiency. This skill also enables teachers to identify their students' needs and address their concerns while suggesting the best workable advice or solution to the issues they may face. When teachers are collaborative, they can better engage with a child's family to discuss their learning styles.

Read More: Collaboration Skills: Definition, Benefits And Examples


Inclusivity, or the ability to provide equal access to resources and opportunities to all students, irrespective of their educational or family background, is a crucial and underrated skill for educators. This skill helps prevent educational bias and enables the teacher to promote learning equality while protecting children from discrimination. When teachers are inclusive, they help enhance every student's learning process and outcomes because it instils in students the confidence to trust their teachers. When children know teachers include them in classes, they are more likely to outperform and achieve their full potential.


Compassion and the ability to empathise with their students' problems and learning difficulties are essential skills for many teachers to succeed in their professions. Often, a student's personal problems can affect their classroom presence and performance in school activities. Compassion can help teachers navigate such situations better by allowing them to understand the students' perspectives and determine how they can help them. This skill can also enable students to flourish in the classrooms because compassion nourishes their learning ability. For example, if a student misses an assignment, the teacher can use this skill to understand the student's perspective.

Lesson planning

Knowing how to prepare an efficient and structured lesson plan is essential for all educators because it helps give direction and practice to students to better engage with the subject curriculum. While there are several ways you can prepare a lesson plan based on the institute and course-specific requirements, it can be beneficial to ensure it is clear and cohesive for the students to follow through. Effective lesson planning skills also enable teachers to create a relevant, purposeful and engaging student curriculum while delivering the highest quality of knowledge to their students.


Outstanding teachers can often be strong leaders as they equip their students with the training and knowledge to lead in every field by being examples of effective leaders themselves. Leading students in the right academic, research and professional direction are crucial abilities for educators. There are subject and institution-specific goals that a teacher tries to achieve by doing their job effectively, and leadership helps them achieve these goals. When teachers can encourage their students to lead inside and outside the classroom, they help promote their active learning and engagement with the subject.


Excellent teachers often can connect their teaching practices and methods with the active and latest research in their field of studies. These educators are excellent researchers and can perform and analyse research on trending topics to boost their overall teaching and learning objectives. Good research skills help them deliver an outstanding quality of education to enhance the learning process of their students. Excellent research inspires creative growth and personal development within teachers and their student groups. Teachers strengthen their knowledge of the subject by continuously learning and expanding their understanding through reading the latest research.


Good teachers are often excellent organisers and can effectively manage their tasks and subject-specific duties. Good organisational skills help teachers stay productive at work while strengthening their prioritisation skills. This skill also enables them to perform their teaching duties efficiently while helping them to meet the academic curriculum deadlines. When teachers have an organisation in their work ethics, they can automatically manage their classroom and projects better, so this skill also enhances their project management skills. Good organisational skills also ensure that teachers can maintain the order of the classroom and optimise the learning opportunities for students.

How to improve your pedagogical abilities

Below is a list of steps you can take to improve your pedagogical abilities:

1. Get feedback from the students

Many schools and academic institutes have a compulsory feedback system where students can analyse their teachers' skills to provide honest feedback. Even if your teaching institution does not follow a student evaluation system, it may be helpful to ask for student feedback to help enhance your overall teaching practices. Many students feel more comfortable when they can remain anonymous as it helps eradicate the fear of judgement from their minds and enables them to offer valuable feedback. Consider reviewing the feedback you get from your students and identify areas you can work on boosting your classroom engagement.

2. Speak with your colleagues

A significant amount of learning and development may occur when professionals speak with colleagues or other like-minded people to assess what skills they use in class and how they improve themselves. When teachers speak with their colleagues, they create opportunities and spaces to discuss new pedagogical ideas and practices to support their holistic development. Meaningful conversations with the right professionals can inspire you to prepare for the challenges you may face in your academic and research career. Speaking with experienced teachers can also give you insight into their teaching and learning procedures to help you better navigate your career.

3. Attend pedagogical conferences

There are various pedagogical conferences that you can attend as an educator to familiarise yourself with common education industry trends and enhance your teaching styles and procedures. You can also attend a subject-specific conference to learn about the latest research or teaching methodologies that teachers are adopting for that subject. Attending these professional conferences allows you to network and engage with expert panellists who can strengthen your skills.

4. Advance your learning

Staying curious and open to learning and improving their skill set can be beneficial for educators. If you want to enhance your teaching practices and pedagogical skills, consider enrolling in suitable online courses to learn and develop yourself professionally. You can also rely on certain teaching books or articles to keep yourself updated with the academic and research practices in your subject of study and the overall field of education.

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