How To Do Web Development With Python: A Complete Guide

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 8 September 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Python offers a variety of web development frameworks. Many developers choose Python because of its robust and extensive libraries, simple-to-learn syntax and portability for machine learning. If you wish to work as a web developer, it may be beneficial to learn how to use Python for web development. In this article, we examine what web development is and how to develop web applications with Python.

How To Do Web Development With Python

Web development with Python is much more beneficial in comparison to other object-oriented programming languages, even though web browsers do not use Python. Web development can be broadly referred to as ‌generating and managing websites. Instead of being within the purview of a single department in a company, web development may involve departmental collaboration. Web development can include creating a single static site of simple text or it can involve creating complicated web apps, online stores and social media services.

The three different specialisations available to web developers are front-end, back-end and full-stack. The front-end interacts with the client, the back-end addresses tech infrastructure and communicates with a database and the full stack performs both. Most Python programmers combine Python and JavaScript while creating their web apps as Python web frameworks are very useful. These are some steps you can take to do Python web development:

1. Learn HTML and CSS

Learning programming languages such as HyperText Markup Language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), can help you design and implement websites. It would be ideal if you know how to organise reactive static sites before beginning complex web development processes for larger websites. It is useful to generate a thorough understanding of browser configurations, DNS, HTTPS and hosting.

Related: HTML Interview Questions And Answers For Professionals

2. Learn JavaScript

To run code on users' devices, most web browsers have a separate JavaScript engine. It is beneficial to familiarise yourself with fundamental ideas such as data types, variables, general conventions, string manipulation, arithmetic and operators, control instructions and loops. When you apply JavaScript to client-side code, it can be helpful if you understand the fundamentals of the language.

Related: What Is JavaScript?

3. Learn DOM and jQuery

Document Object Model (DOM) enables programmers to add, modify and remove components from HTML files. Once you develop a nuanced understanding of the principles of JavaScript, ‌try to work with DOM and the JavaScript library jQuery, which makes DOM manipulation simpler. This may aid you in learning how to develop dynamic pages.

Related: JavaScript Vs. jQuery: What Is The Difference? (With FAQs)

4. Use web frameworks

A web framework is a group of packages and modules composed of pre-written, standardised code that aids in creating online applications. It speeds up and simplifies development while also enhancing the dependability and scalability of your products. You can create complex apps much more quickly if you use a web framework.

Related: How To Become A Python Developer (With Skills And Duties)

Useful Web Frameworks For Python Development

Frameworks often offer assistance with a variety of tasks, including understanding requests, creating answers and securely storing data. It enables developers from having to deal with minimal issues like protocols, terminals or thread management while creating Web applications or services. These are eight useful Python web frameworks to consider using:

1. Django

Django is one of the most popular open-source Python web frameworks that facilitates efficient web design and development. Django is incredibly adaptable and can work with both small startups and large organisations. Benefits of using this tool include:

  • Django helps programmers avoid various types of security errors.

  • With this framework, web application developers can quickly move from concept to launch.

  • This framework's user authentication mechanism offers a safe approach for securing user passwords and accounts.

  • Django has extensive documentation of use and a strong community of users.

  • Web templates engine, account authorisation and authentication are built into Django's functionality.

Related: 12 Common Django Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)

2. CherryPy

CherryPy is an object-oriented web framework. The framework makes it easier to create web apps. Prominent benefits of using this tool include:

  • It is a strong configuration system that is suitable for both developers and deployers.

  • It supports testing, coverage and profiling.

  • Tools for cache, encoding, sessions, identification and static content are available in CherryPy.

  • It is a system with flexible plugins.

3. TurboGears

This tool is a Python web applications framework. Some prominent benefits that this tool offers include:

  • It is intended to serve as a foundation for building web applications.

  • It has transaction managers to support deployments across several databases.

  • It offers assistance for many template engines.

4. Flask

This tool is a Python web framework that is ideal for building intricate web applications. The framework makes recommendations but does not impose any dependencies or a specific project structure. Because Flask is simple to use, you can add any libraries or extensions you like as you code instead of estimating your requirements before you start coding. This tool may provide freedom and control by providing you the right components to construct a web-based application. Some features include:

  • Flask is very adaptable and allows developers to create a wide variety of solutions.

  • The framework tries to maintain a simple but readily expandable core.

  • It has several parameters that allow you to modify a website's behaviour.

5. Web2Py

Web2Py is a free, accessible web framework that enables rapid development of safe database-driven online applications. Some prominent features include:

  • By adhering to accepted standards, Web2Py automatically resolves several concerns that may result in security flaws otherwise.

  • The framework has a Database Abstraction Layer (DAL) which dynamically writes SQL script.

6. Bottle

Bottle is a Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) microframework for Python online applications that is quick, easy and lightweight. The default Python library is the only dependency of the framework. Its prominent features include:

  • Python versions 2.7 and above can run with Bottle.

  • It supports Mako, Jinja2 and Cheetah templates and it includes a quick built-in template engine.

  • Form data, file uploads, headers, cookies and various other HTTP-related information become easy to access with the framework.

  • It has a built-in HTTP development server with support for any WSGI-capable HTTP server, including Bjoern, fapws3 and more.

7. Falcon

Falcon WSGI library creates quick web application programming interfaces (API) and programmes back-ends. Falcon provides added dependability, versatility and performance to support more types of web platforms. Some features include:

  • It has substantial potential for optimisation and an extendable codebase.

  • Through the inquiry and response designs, it is simple to access both headers and contents.

  • By using hooks and middleware components, the framework offers DRY request processing.

8. CubicWeb

CubicWeb is an open framework for building semantic web applications in Python. It enables programmers to create web applications quickly using an alternative mechanism. This involves reusing parts as cubes and adhering to well-known object-oriented design principles to create hierarchy in a web-based platform.

Benefits Of Using Python To Create Web Apps

Considering how easy it is to learn and use, Python is a language that programmers and coders utilise extensively across a variety of domains. Some benefits of using Python for web development include:

  • The language employs a lot more white space and regular expressions than Java or C++, which significantly minimises the amount of code you write. Because the code is more similar to everyday speech, it has a lower usability barrier because users can understand it fast.

  • Python offers an extensive selection of tools and packages for libraries, enabling programmers to use a significant amount of pre-written code and reducing the time it takes to develop applications.

  • Python has a significantly faster project development time than other programming languages, enabling you to develop ideas much faster and receive feedback and revisions much faster. Python is a great option for business owners since it enables them to market their products more rapidly, providing them with a competitive edge.

  • Many professionals around the world extensively use Python as a primary programming language. Python provides a strong foundation and plenty of assistance, in particular, for beginner developers who are starting their career in the domain of web development.

Related: Top Python Certifications (Plus How To Get One In 5 Steps)

Useful Python Libraries For Web Development

If you ever want to extract data from the Internet for an application, Scrapy is a great choice. It is a widely accessed library for a variety of activities, including data mining, scrapping and automated testing. For building virtualised applications, consider using the library Zappa. Dash is a widely accessed source library that helps users create web programmes that support data visualisations. It offers features like charts, graphs and dashboards.

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

Explore more articles