What Is LLB? (Specialisations and Career Opportunities)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 22 August 2022

Published 9 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

LLB is an undergraduate degree that teaches you the fundamentals of legal procedures to resolve a conflict. It comprises varying domains, approaches and responses to a series of legal issues confronted through an analytical, critical and logical understanding of the conflict. LLB helps you understand the legal hierarchy, case resolution process and additional specifics to simplify your understanding of the judicial system. In this article, we discuss what is LLB, the eligibility criteria and career opportunities after completing your law degree.

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What Is LLB?

What is LLB, can be described as Bachelors in Legislative Law. LLB in India is a three-year and five-year course depending on the type of LLB degree chosen. This is a foundational course teaching the basics of legal systems and processes used to bring justice to the victim, be it an individual or an organisation. Moreover, this course suits students who want to pursue law as a profession and work as advocates for law firms or assist individuals involved in legal cases.

While the three-year LLB course is an undergraduate law degree specially curated for students who have completed their graduation, the five-year LLB course is an integrated programme comprising a graduate course for students who have completed two years of schooling post the 10th grade.

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Types Of LLB

The three-year LLB course was the default choice for law degree enthusiasts, after which universities introduced the five-year integrated law degree. Recently, the three-year law degree is receiving fewer applicants because of the extra benefits offered by the five-year LLB course.

Most universities in India offer the three-year LLB programme, whereas the five-year programme is provided as an option. While four-year LLB programmes also exist, they are not as common in India.

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Eligibility For LLB

The eligibility criteria for LLB students are different for different institutes. If your application does not meet the required eligibility criteria, they can reject your candidature at any point. Firstly, it is important to get a bachelor's degree in any discipline from a recognised university. Secondly, it is essential to score the minimum marks to get eligible to apply. While some universities state the minimum marks as 45% or 50%, most public institutions have relaxed criteria.

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Specialisations In LLB Courses

Though there is no compulsion to do a specialisation with an LLB degree, you are required to choose a subject you want to major in. Here are several specialisations to choose from:

  • Constitutional law: Constitutional law consists of the working procedures and standard principles of government bodies and their interconnectedness regarding legal decisions, rules and regulations. It teaches students how society and the government are connected and the extent of a public authority's legal powers.

  • Intellectual property law: IP law involves safeguarding self-designed technologies, artworks, products and much more. It focuses on the copyright protection of manufactured items and helps identify copyright breaches, strengthen the registration of the copyright and preserve a brand name for the rightful owner.

  • Criminal law: Criminal law teaches students about rules, regulations and case approaches when a case is being carried out for a prohibitive action. This specialisation teaches interrogating suspects, creating statements, carrying out trials, investigating data and formulating a case to bring justice to your client.

  • Environmental law: Lawyers study environmental regulations and handle cases against factories or large enterprises that damage natural resources. Such legal professionals lobby for environment-friendly legislations and regulate sustainable business practices that can affect the land, air or water.

  • Human rights law: Human rights advocates safeguard the basic rights of citizens. Apart from negotiating settlements and defending victims of human rights violations in court, they also use their expertise in cases related to the right to education, employment, family care and discrimination based on religion, race and age.

  • Taxation law: Taxation lawyers specialise in either GST, customs or transfer pricing. They manage tax-related problems and queries that arise between governments, organisations and individuals. They deal with complex tax regulations, tax fraud cases and also use a variety of mathematical formulas to process large volumes of financial data.

  • Labour law: Labour law looks after legal fairness in disputes and matters involving workers, employers, trade unions and the government. Be it collective or individual labour, labour law encompasses everything from wage distribution, fair working hours, healthy working conditions, disaster management amongst labours, workplace safety and the equal right to all union members for speech, voting and assembly.

  • Corporate and governance law: Corporate and governance law involves the legal affairs in the proper functioning of a company in matters such as business systems, policies and processes that are legally permitted. This sub-category of law can entail legal opinions on mergers and acquisitions, intellectual property, litigation and how a company collaborates with its shareholders.

  • Family law: Family law includes legal affairs regarding the custody of children, divorce, property disputes, child support and also the settlement of wills. It includes cases related to domestic violence within families, termination of parental rights, name changes, underage marriages and juvenile-based legal problems.

  • Media law: This branch of legal practice regulates activities within the digital hemisphere of entertainment, be it advertisement, telecommunication or broadcasting. Any infringement of copyrights or illegal activities related to content in the form of pictures, videos, audio, software, graphics or digital books comes under the category of media law.

Related: How To Become a Criminal Lawyer: A Complete Guide

Career Opportunities After LLB

Here are some career opportunities available to you after you complete your LLB:

1. Attorney

National Average Salary: ₹25,654 per month

Primary Responsibilities: Attorneys are lawyers who represent their clients in a range of criminal and civil court cases. They gather information from the client, study the case and prepare a strong claim along with substantial proof in their client's favour. Also, they inform their clients of various legal routes, current legal statutes, execute agreements and indulge as the client's defendant in legal proceedings.

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2. Litigation associate

National Average Salary: ₹34,791 per month

Primary Responsibilities: Litigation associates represent clients in the court of law and prepare litigation documents and processes that fasten the process of legal victory. They collect evidence and devise legal strategies to bring their client out of the mess. Their approach to resolving legal matters includes collaborating with senior legal advocates who alter the litigation associate's approach. Additionally, they draft protective orders, motions to dismiss and many such pleas.

3. Legal assistant

National Average Salary: ₹19,565 per month

Primary Responsibilities: Legal assistants work directly under the command of junior and senior lawyers. Their duties include conducting research and preparing draft versions of the case while also updating, safeguarding and creating reference files for their superiors. Legal assistants simplify the process for a lawyer by figuring out crucial evidence, creating lists of settlement and case approach options, scheduling depositions and following up with court officials for resolving legal affairs.

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4. Legal document reviewer

National Average Salary: ₹17,041 per month

Primary Responsibilities: These document reviewing professionals are adept at examining legal documents related to regulatory investigations, litigation matters and a series of plea types. They play the role of litigation support personnel and paralegals and are responsible for verifying the relevance, responsiveness and confidentiality of legal documents. To sum up, they conduct page-by-page reviews of their client's paperwork and suggest changes needed before it is sent to all parties involved.

5. Legal advisor

National Average Salary: ₹22,405 per month

Primary Responsibilities: Legal advisors are not primarily present in court, but they help companies make critical decisions to avoid disturbing their business processes with legal problems. As advisors, they consult and offer guidance on standard laws, expected changes in the law system and assist their clients in drafting legally strong contracts, agreements and dispute resolution cases. Their scope of work can include creating damage claims, overseeing contracts, ensuring compliance with laws and offering logical and cost-effective legal solutions to all types of businesses.

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6. Legal officer

National Average Salary: ₹27,998 per month

Primary Responsibilities: Legal officers monitor the entire spectrum of legal matters within an organisation. Whether it is an internal or external legal matter, they focus their efforts on keeping the organisation out of a legal disaster. To maintain a stable legal image, they deal with the entire chain of lawyers, litigation associates, legal assistants, legal advisors and also legal document reviewers for reference purposes.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

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