The Best Government Jobs After Graduation for Freshers

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 27 September 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Landing a government job is an aspiration for millions of young graduates. While it is commonly believed that you need years of study and work experience to secure a well-paying job in state or central agencies, there are several government jobs that recruit freshers right after graduation. Knowing more about those jobs can help you decide if you want to pursue those careers. In this article, we look at the best government jobs after graduation across various government departments and public-sector organisations for fresh graduates.

Related: Highest Paying Jobs in India

What are the best government jobs after graduation?

For decades, young graduates have shown a keen interest in landing a government job after graduation due to job security. A career in the government sector comes with a handsome pay package and multiple other perks and benefits like free government quarters, travel allowances and more. Here are some of the best government jobs for fresh graduates:

  • jobs in public sector undertakings

  • jobs in the railways

  • jobs in public sector banks

  • jobs in central govt institutions

  • public service commission jobs

  • state government jobs

Related: How To Succeed in Your First Interview

Government jobs for graduates of all disciplines via UPSC

The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exam is one of the most prestigious and toughest competitive examinations in the country. The UPSC exam recruits candidates for the Indian bureaucratic services. Officers for 24 different services are selected based on the UPSC exam results. This includes the IAS (Indian Administrative Services), IPS (Indian Police Services), IFS (Indian Foreign Services), IRS (Indian Revenue Services) and Indian Postal Services. Clearing the UPSC exam helps you land some of the best-paying government jobs after graduation. The age limit for the exam is 21 to 32 years, with relaxations allowed for special categories.

Government jobs for engineering graduates

The IES (Indian Engineering Services) exam is conducted to recruit engineering graduates for central government departments. Taking the IES exam is one of the best ways for engineering graduates to secure a central government job. Engineering graduates belonging to the following four branches can apply for the IES exam:

  • mechanical engineering

  • electrical engineering

  • civil engineering

  • electronics and telecommunication engineering

On successfully clearing the exam, you can work as a government engineer in various departments like the Indian telecommunication service, central power engineering services, defence service engineering, Indian supply service, Indian navy armaments service, Indian army engineering service and border roads engineering service. The IES exam is conducted annually, and the age limit to take the exam under the general category is 21 to 30 years.

Government jobs in railways for freshers

The railways are one of the prestigious departments to work for, and it offers various govt jobs after graduation. The two main types of jobs in the railways for graduates are:

  • technical railway jobs like a junior engineer, assistant loco pilot and technician

  • non-technical railway jobs like a station master, goods guard, junior account assistant, traffic assistant, senior timekeeper, senior clerk and commercial apprentice

The Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) conducts various exams to fill vacancies in the railways. The RRB conducts these exams across different railway zones. To get a technical job in the railways, you require a degree in engineering or an ITI/diploma certificate in a relevant discipline. For non-technical posts, graduates in any field from authorised universities can apply.

Government jobs via SSC CGL

SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level) exam recruits Class 1 and Class 2 officers across various ministries and departments under the central government. The SSC CGL is an all-India exam and recruits for various posts, including Income Tax Inspector, External Affairs Assistant, Central Excise Inspector and Assistant Section Officer.

It is one of the biggest competitive exams in India, and nearly 27 graduates apply for this every year. More than 30,000 central government vacancies are filled every year via the SSC CGL exam. Some posts, like the junior statistical officer and assistant accounts officer, have specific requirements. Only graduates from a particular discipline can apply for those posts. However, most other positions are open to all graduates, irrespective of their field. The SSC CGL exam is conducted once a year, and the age limit to take this exam is 20 to 30 years.

Related: What Is a Probation Period and What Happens After It?

Government jobs in banking

Banking jobs have always been in demand among men and women due to the job security they provide, lucrative pay packages and fixed work timings. There are several exams that you can take to secure a government bank job. Some popular exams include:

SBI PO exam

Clearing the SBI PO (State Bank of India Probationary Officer) exam is one of the easiest ways to secure a government job after completing your bachelor's degree. The State Bank of India conducts the SBI PO exam annually to recruit probationary officers. These officers usually perform general banking tasks, administrative tasks and cross-selling and marketing of SBI products.

Graduates who clear the exam are designated as probationary officers at SBI for two years and draw a salary in the junior grade. Graduates of all disciplines can take this exam, provided their age is within 21 to 32 years.

Related: What Is a Pay Grade?

IBPS PO exam

The IBPS (Institute of Banking Personnel Selection) is an autonomous agency that recruits probationary officers for other nationalised and regional banks in India. The IBPS PO exam is similar to the SBI PO exam but is conducted two times a year. Thus, increasing the probability of selection for aspiring graduates. Graduates of all disciplines can take this exam, provided they are within 20 to 30 years.

RBI Grade B exam

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recruits Grade B officers via the RBI Grade B exam. Compared to the other banking exams, there is higher competition for the RBI Grade B exam since the vacancies are limited. It is a 3-stage exam and includes prelims, the main examination followed by an interview. The RBI Grade B exam is conducted once a year, and graduates between 21 and 30 years can apply for this exam. Graduates from all disciplines can take this exam, provided they have an aggregate of 60% marks across all semesters.

LIC AAO exam

The Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) recruits young graduates for various posts like Assistant Administrative Officers (AAO), AAO Actuarial and AAO Chartered Accountant by conducting a Common Admission Test. Clearing this exam helps you secure a government job in the LIC. Unlike other banking exams, this one is not conducted annually and the frequency depends on the available vacancies. If there are no vacancies in a year, then LIC may not organise this exam. The age limit is 21 to 30 years, and graduates across disciplines can take this exam. Only graduates of specific fields are recruited.

Related: How To Get a Bank Job in India

Government jobs in PSUs

PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings) like the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, National Thermal Power Corporation, Indian Oil Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Gas Authority of India Limited, Power Grid Corporation of India and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited offer some of the best central govt jobs after graduation to freshers. To secure these jobs, you have to clear the GATE (General Aptitude Test in Engineering) with high marks. Note that the GATE examination is applicable only for engineering graduates across disciplines.

State government jobs for freshers

Besides the central government jobs, there are several state governments jobs for graduates. Each state conducts its own examination to recruit candidates for administrative and other posts in the state government. Most of the positions filled via state public service commission exams are for Class 1 and Class 2 officers. Like central government jobs, state government jobs come with a handsome pay package and several perks and benefits. Regularly visit your state's recruitment website to learn more about these exams.

Related: How To Get the Job You Want

Tips to secure a government job after graduation

Applying for a government job is highly competitive, although, with focussed preparation, you can secure one. Consider these tips:

  • Start preparing early. If you have desire a government job after graduation, you can get an advantage over your competitors by starting early.

  • Prioritise and prepare accordingly. Decide on the jobs that interest you and appear for the correct entrance exams. You can also enrol in a training academy to help you prepare for the competitive exam while you are in your final year.

  • Keep an eye out for vacancies and exam announcements. Subscribe to education portals and newsletters so that you can stay updated on the exam dates and other information.

  • Get your documents in order. Most government jobs require you to provide many documents like your mark sheet, graduation certificate and several more.

  • Take mock tests. Mock tests familiarise you with exam patterns and boost your confidence. Plan your study schedule and prepare accordingly.

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