How To Become A Java Developer (With Skills And Duties)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 29 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

A career as a Java developer can be rewarding as professionals with Java skills can get excellent job prospects across different sectors. Java developers are responsible for designing and testing during the software development cycle. Knowing more about a career as a Java developer can help you decide if you want to pursue this profession. In this article, we discuss the steps on how to become a Java developer, highlight some essential skills and explain what a Java developer does.

How to become a Java developer?

Here are the necessary steps on how to become a Java developer:

1. Complete 10+2

Candidates who want to pursue a career as a Java developer can begin their preparation since their 10+2. Candidates with a minimum of 60% in their higher secondary examination can get admission to different colleges. Selecting mathematics during your 10+2 and developing mathematical skills can help Java developers write algorithms.

2. Earn a bachelor's degree

After completing 10+2, candidates can appear for various entrance examinations to get admission into different colleges. Many candidates prefer pursuing a degree in computer science with a focus on application and software development. You can pursue B.Tech or B.E. Many companies recruit B.Tech or B.E graduates for the role of Java developer. You can also learn essential java skills during the four-year duration of the course. Having a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field can help you qualify for a Java developer role.

3. Practise Java skills

Aside from pursuing a degree, it is essential to have a basic understanding of java concepts such as operators, loops and arrays. You may start with core Java and practise everything you learn. Understanding how to execute and implement code is essential for Java developers. Candidates start with basic Java skills and progress towards learning advanced Java.

4. Earn a certification

Some universities, colleges and learning institutions may offer certification courses for Java developers. You can enrol in a certification course while pursuing your graduate degree. Some certification courses provide detailed insight into Java. The following certifications can be helpful for Java developers to earn:

  • Certified associate Java programmer

  • Certified professional Java programmer

  • Certified master Java enterprise architect

Read more: 100 Java Interview Questions For Freshers With Example Answers

5. Gain a master's degree

You may also pursue a master's degree after completing your graduation. Many employers prefer hiring Java developers with a master's degree. You may enrol in M.Tech, MCA or other PG level degrees. A master's degree can help java developers advance their careers in the development field.

Skills for a Java developer

Here are some essential skills for a Java developer to have:

Communication skills

Having good communication skills sets a Java developer apart from the rest of the candidates. Java developers communicate with their team members during the completion of a project. They also require excellent communication skills to interact with clients and other stakeholders. Aside from communicating about the project, they may also prepare various documentations at different stages of the project development. This is why a Java developer often requires both written and verbal communication skills to perform better.

Knowledge of the Java ecosystem

A successful Java developer has a decent knowledge of how to use all the technologies of the Java ecosystem. These are the frameworks of Java that Java developers typically use when building mobile applications. Gaining knowledge of the Java ecosystem can help you understand how to build applications from desktop to the web using strings and how to use hibernate to access data layers.

Expertise in database management systems

Java developers often use databases, a collection of information that gets stored on a server. Java developers can advance their careers by becoming proficient in database management systems including MySQL and MongoDB. They know how to monitor these databases to ensure better performance of applications.

Knowledge of DevOps tools

Java developers know how to use DevOps tools during their app development process. Knowledge of some important DevOps tools such as Jenkins, Docker, Maven and Chef can help you at different stages of the app development process. Learning about manuals and scripts can help Java developers implement best coding practices.

Read more: What Does A DevOps Engineer Do And How To Become One

Operating System

Java developers require a basic understanding of the operating system. You can learn the basics of distributed systems, memory management, file handling and blocking concepts. Understanding the popular operating systems is an important step towards becoming a skilled Java developer. You can also learn how to use various mobile operating systems.

What does a java developer do?

A java developer performs the following duties and responsibilities:

  • Development: A java developer performs essential tasks during the development process. Java developers write the code and build applications or websites as per the client's requirements.

  • Testing: After the completion of a feature, java developers test it and fix the errors. Java developers ensure that each feature is working as per the requirement.

  • System optimisation: Java developers also maintain active systems. They maintain software by identifying programs to enhance current systems and providing software updates.

  • Collaborate with other departments: Java developers often collaborate with clients and other professionals to create integrated software systems. They communicate with clients and stakeholders to get approval for new ideas.

The average salary of a Java developer

The average salary of a java developer is ₹4,43,568 per year. Candidates with experience can expect a better salary from the organisation. The salary of java developers also depends on the type of organisation and their job location. Java developers can make an average of ₹4,70,620 per year in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The average salary of a java developer is ₹5,92,672 per year in Bengaluru, Karnataka. Salaries of java developers also depend on their job roles. For example, a front end developer may have a different salary than a full stack developer.

Read more: 20 Best Computer Science Jobs In India (With Salaries)

Benefits of working as a Java developer

Here are the benefits of working as a Java developer:

  • Easy to learn: Java is a programming language that has an English-like language structure with minimum enchantment characters. This is why a Java program is simple to pursue.

  • Job Security: Java developer is a promising career option as it provides financial stability and keeps your career goals on track.

  • Opportunity to grow: The field of java may offer many career growth opportunities to you. As a Java developer, you can start your career in software development, app development or web designing.

  • Various job roles: Java is one of the widely used programming languages and offers different job roles for employment.

Different job roles for java developers

As a java developer you can earn a specific certification to become the following job roles:

1. Full stack developer

National average salary: ₹7,43,746 per year

Primary duties: Full stack developers work on web development projects, handle applications and other tools. They are responsible for the development of a website from start to finish. Full stack developers use their programming knowledge to handle both the front and back ends of a website. Full stack developers are highly skilled and specialise in all areas of web development.

Read more: What Does A Java Full Stack Developer Do?

2. Front end developer

National average salary: ₹6,19,177 per year

Primary duties: Front end developers are responsible for the creation of the front end of an application or website. They make sure the front end of the website is reliable, smooth and consistent. Front end developers often use different programming languages such as HTML, CSS and Javascript to create the structure of the website. Developing and implementing the visual elements of a website's interface is one of the major responsibilities of a front end developer.

3. Back end developer

National average salary: ₹6,89,700 per year

Primary duties: Back end developers are responsible for improving back end processes and codes of the website. They collaborate with front end developers to create more functional codes. Back end developers implement code on the company's server to develop web applications or websites. They also assist with web-server technology and manage databases.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

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