How To Become A MEAN Stack Developer (With Duties)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 2 September 2022

Published 29 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

MEAN stack uses a JavaScript framework for developing web applications. A MEAN stack developer handles frontend and backend server scripting and creates dynamic, interactive and intuitive websites. If you have a passion for web development, knowing more about this job role can help you decide whether it is the right career choice. In this article, we discuss what a MEAN stack developer is, how to become a MEAN stack developer, understand their job responsibilities and explore the salary these professionals earn.

Related: What Is a Mean Stack Developer? (With Definition and Salary)

What Is A MEAN Stack Developer?

MEAN stack developers are IT professionals who work on JavaScript technologies like MongoDB, Express, Angular and Node.js to develop web applications.

  • MongoDB: MongoDB is an essential component of the MEAN stack because it is a document-oriented database that stores records and works as a NoSQL database. It is open-source software that helps a developer work with large and distributed datasets.

  • Express.js: It is a free and open-source web development application framework used for Node.js. Developers widely use Express.js to build web applications and application interface programmes (APIs).

  • Angular.js: Angular.js is a structural framework used for creating a dynamic web application. It is a robust JavaScript framework to use in a single page application (SPA) project.

  • Node.js: One of the essential backend framework components of a MEAN stack is Node.js, an open-source and cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment. It is essential for building real-time applications and widely used for developing network and server-side applications.

Using these technologies, these developers build robust and dynamic websites. They work on frontend and backend scripting and integrate APIs and formwork structures around development approaches like agile and DevOps.

Related: What Is A Full Stack Developer? Benefits And Career Advice

How To Become A MEAN Stack Developer?

To understand how to become a MEAN stack developer, follow these steps:

1. Complete your graduation

The first step toward becoming a MEAN stack developer is completing your 10+2 in science stream with mathematics, physics and chemistry as compulsory subjects. After you 10+2, candidates can pursue, Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA), Bachelor of Technology (BTech) or Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in computer science, information technology and related areas. These courses are available at many universities and can take anywhere from three to four years to complete.

2. Participate in an internship

While studying, consider getting hired for an internship in a similar role. An internship can refine your skills and help you gain knowledge about the industry. Often, employers prefer MEAN stack developers with some prior experience and an internship can help you get hired for a desirable job. Also, an internship can lead to full-time employment.

3. Pursue a master's programme

Based on your graduation degree, focus on pursuing a master's programme. A degree such as M.Sc, MCA or M.Tech/M.E can help you achieve higher growth. While a master's degree is not compulsory for this role, employers prefer hiring candidates with a master's programme for senior roles. A master's degree enhances your skill set and makes you more adept at designing interactive, intuitive and dynamic websites.

4. Learn the essential programming language

To become a MEAN stack developer, you require mastery over many programming languages. The first is a hypertext markup language (HTML) that a programmer uses to structure the web content. The next language to learn is cascading style sheets (CSS) that control the appearance of your webpage. Using CSS, you can add colour and text to your webpage. Another essential language to learn is JavaScript, which is useful for making the website more user-friendly. It allows programmers to add interactive features and animations. Some other languages to know are Java, Ruby, Perl and PHP.

Related: 15 Important Java Developer Skills (And How To Improve)

5. Know about web development frameworks and third-party libraries

You can design layouts and make visually attractive websites using programming languages, knowing the framework and libraries is essential for becoming a MEAN stack developer. Using web development framework features, you can develop fully functional websites, programs and applications. It is essential to know frameworks and libraries like jQuery, Java Spring and AngularJS.

Related: 11 AngularJS Interview Questions You Should Prepare For

6. Learn backend languages and technologies

As MEAN stack developers develop backend applications, it is important to know a few backend development languages. It is essential to understand backend development processes because it focuses on data processes instead of user experience. You can learn one or two backend programming languages for a rewarding career.

Related: Frontend Vs. Backend Development: What Is The Difference?

7. Knowledge of databases

A MEAN stack developer requires knowledge and proficiency in one or two databases. The ability to operate commonly used databases can help developer stores the data. The database usage may vary from one project to another because every database has its benefits and applications.

Related: 10 Interview Questions for Web Developers (With Answers)

8. Understanding of basic design

A basic understanding of design and various components is essential for a rewarding career as a MEAN stack developer. It is essential to understand how user experiences and interact with a website. Knowledge of basic prototype design, UX design and UI design can help you build web applications and user-friendly websites.

9. Create your resume and apply for jobs

After completing your necessary education and gaining relevant experience, focus on creating your resume that enlists your skills, education, certifications and experience. Based on the job description, pick out some keywords and use them in your resume. This can make your resume applicant tracking system (ATS) compliant. After building your resume, upload it to different job portals and apply to relevant jobs.

What Does A MEAN Stack Developer Do?

Apart from developing web applications, these professionals perform various duties, such as:

  • Deploying web apps on the cloud

  • Coding architecture for client-side and server-side

  • Developing, testing and deploying scalable web applications

  • Managing cloud-based interface

  • Ensuring server management

  • Establishing and integrating development tools as required

  • Building interactive consumer data from multiple systems

  • Collaborating with engineers and researchers to design and build efficient systems

  • Resolving technical issues and solving debugging issues

  • Designing and creating features of a mobile responsive design

  • Using different frontend frameworks and UI design components to create web applications

  • Maintaining responsiveness of the application

  • Writing clean and well-structured codes

  • Designing and maintaining complex databases, including relational and non-relational databases

  • Writing detailed technical documentation

Related: Backend Developer Skills: Definition and Examples

Advantages Of Becoming A MEAN Stack Developer

There are many advantages of becoming a MEAN stack developer:

  • Many employment options: As a MEAN stack developer, you have an option to work in a large firm or a small start-up or as a freelancer.

  • More job opportunities: MEAN stack developers create websites from top to bottom, which means you can apply for various jobs. As a MEAN stack professional, you can specialise in any programming language and work in different industries.

  • Career growth: MEAN stack developers are high in demand and as a result, it provides excellent career growth.

Skills Of A MEAN Stack Developer

Here are a few essential skills of a MEAN stack developer:

  • Basic understanding of server-side requirements and processes

  • In-depth knowledge of client-side requirements and processes

  • Knowledge of workflow and architecture

  • Understanding of MongoDB, Express.js, Node.js and Angular.js

  • Extensive knowledge of cloud technology, continuous integration and web development

  • Knowledge of software development lifecycle (SDLC) and agile methodology

  • Excellent verbal and communication skills

  • Strong analytical skills with a creative mind-set

  • Proficiency in CSS, HTML and JavaScript

  • Ability to implement applications using Angular.js

  • Well-versed in a domain-specific language

  • Strong time management and critical thinking skills

Average Salary Of A Mean Stack Developer

The average salary of a MEAN stack developer is ₹4,17,778 per year. Their exact salary depends upon the level of experience, qualification, skill set and location. Some cities pay a higher salary than others. For instance, the average salary of a MEAN stack developer in Bengaluru is ₹4,83,004 per year and the average salary in Mumbai is ₹3,60,000 per year.

Work Environment Of A MEAN Stack Developer

Usually, a MEAN stack developer works in an office environment and their job involves using computers and workstations for most of their day. They may work for an agency, company or a start-up as full-time or part-time employees. Many MEAN stack developers work as a freelancer depending on the job opportunities. When working as a freelancer, they can work with multiple clients. This provides them with a flexible schedule and they may work from home. Though most of the MEAN stack developers work from nine to six, their timing depends on the project's requirements.

Related: How Much Does A Web Developer Make? A Salary Guide

Salary figures reflect data listed on the quoted websites at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

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