Product Manager Vs Software Engineer: What Is The Difference?

Updated 13 August 2023

Choosing a career in technology can be challenging, especially when deciding between roles such as product manager and software engineer. These two positions, while centred around the software development process, have distinct responsibilities and skill sets. Understanding their differences can help you identify the career path that aligns with your strengths and interests. In this article, we discuss product manager vs software engineer differences, explore their responsibilities, review their skills, look at the similarities between these two roles and answer some frequently asked questions.

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

Product Manager Vs Software Engineer

It is beneficial to look at each position's responsibilities to better comprehend the distinctions between a product manager and a software developer. A product manager oversees the development, strategy and marketing of a product or product line, collaborating with various teams to establish product vision, define requirements and prioritise features.

A software engineer focuses on designing, coding and testing software applications according to the requirements set by the product manager, ensuring that the final product meets quality standards and performs efficiently. The product manager connects the business and technical teams, while the software engineer uses technical skills to develop and maintain software applications. Here is more information about the responsibilities for each role:

What does a product manager do?

A product manager uses these responsibilities to ensure the successful development and launch of a product:

  • Product strategy: They develop and refine the product's strategic direction, taking the company's overall goals and market competition into consideration.

  • Market research: They conduct research to understand customer needs, preferences and market trends, which helps identify opportunities for new products or improvements to existing ones.

  • Product roadmap: They create and maintain a product roadmap, outlining the features, enhancements and timelines for product development.

  • Client requirements: They work closely with clients to gather and document the product's functional and technical requirements.

  • Cross-functional collaboration: They liaise with various teams, such as design, engineering, marketing and sales, ensuring everyone works towards a shared vision.

  • Resource allocation: They distribute resources, such as budget and personnel, to ensure product development stays on track and within constraints.

  • Performance metrics: They establish key performance indicators and track product performance against these metrics, adjusting as necessary.

  • Product launch: They plan and oversee product launches, coordinating with marketing, sales and support teams to ensure a successful introduction to the market.

  • Continuous improvement: They analyse user feedback, product performance and market trends to make informed decisions about product improvements and future iterations.

Related: What Does a Product Manager Do? (With Skills and How To Become)

Find product manager jobs

What does a software engineer do?

A software engineer performs the following tasks:

  • Requirement analysis: They work with clients or product managers to understand and document software requirements, ensuring a clear understanding of desired outcomes.

  • Design: They create software designs, outlining system architecture, components and data flow to fulfil the client's requirements.

  • Coding: They write well-structured, efficient and maintainable code, following industry best practices and using appropriate programming languages.

  • Testing: They develop and implement test plans, ensuring software applications function as intended and meet performance benchmarks.

  • Debugging: They identify and resolve software inconsistencies, enhancing application stability and reliability.

  • Collaboration: They collaborate with cross-functional teams, sharing technical expertise and assisting with software integration.

  • Documentation: They create clear, concise documentation for software applications to help in future development and maintenance.

  • Continuous improvement: They research new technologies and industry trends, striving to enhance their skills and adapt to evolving software engineering practices.

  • Maintenance: They provide ongoing support for existing software applications, addressing user feedback and implementing updates to ensure continued performance and relevance.

Related: What Does a Software Engineer Do? (Duties and Career Advice)

Find software engineer jobs

Differences In Skills For A Product Manager And Software Engineer

A product manager requires a diverse skill set encompassing business and technical acumen, including strategic thinking, problem-solving, communication and leadership abilities. They can recognise customer needs and prioritise features to create a product roadmap. A software engineer requires strong technical skills in programming languages, software design principles, data structures, algorithms and testing methodologies. Problem-solving, critical thinking and collaborating effectively with cross-functional teams enable them to develop and maintain software applications. Here are their skills in detail:

Product Manager skills

Here are a few product manager skills:

  • Strategic thinking: This is the ability to understand the market, the competition and customer needs to develop a successful product vision and strategy.

  • Requirements analysis: This entails gathering, understanding and prioritising user and client requirements for product development.

  • Communication: Strong written and verbal skills can help convey information effectively to different teams and clients.

  • Leadership: This is the ability to inspire, manage and coordinate cross-functional teams during product development.

  • Project management: This is proficiency in organising, planning and monitoring product development timelines, resources and budgets.

  • Decision-making: This comprises the ability to make informed decisions while balancing client expectations and project constraints.

  • User experience (UX) design: Understanding UX principles can help ensure an intuitive and engaging product experience for end users.

  • Data analysis: This is the ability to analyse and interpret data to inform product strategy, feature prioritisation and decision-making.

  • Business acumen: This includes understanding business principles, financial metrics and market trends to promote product success.

Related: Top 10 Product Manager Skills And How To Develop Them

Software Engineer skills

Here are some skills for a software engineer role:

  • Programming: This includes proficiency in writing efficient and maintainable code in multiple programming languages, such as Java, Python or C++.

  • Data structures and algorithms: These engineers have a strong understanding of data structures, algorithms and computational complexity to develop optimal solutions.

  • Software architecture: This skill comprises knowledge of various software architectures, design patterns and principles for creating scalable and maintainable applications.

  • Testing and debugging: This includes the ability to develop test plans, identify and fix irregularities and ensure software applications perform as intended.

  • Version control: This is familiarity with version control systems, such as Git, to manage code changes and collaborate with other developers.

  • Problem-solving: Strong analytical and critical thinking skills can help software engineers troubleshoot and resolve software development challenges.

  • Collaboration: This is the ability to work effectively with cross-functional teams, sharing knowledge and integrating software components.

  • Continuous learning: This includes staying up to date with emerging technologies, programming languages and software development practices.

Related: Software Engineering Skills (With Ways To Improve Them)

Product Manager Vs Software Engineer Similarities

Both product managers and software engineers share a common goal of developing successful software products that meet customer needs and expectations. They are integral to a product development team, collaborating closely and relying on each other's expertise. Both require strong problem-solving skills, adaptability and the ability to communicate effectively with clients and management. Additionally, both require staying updated on industry trends, technologies and best practices to ensure continuous improvement.

Related: Product Engineer Vs Software Engineer (Duties And FAQs)


Here are a few FAQs about these roles:

Can a product manager become a software engineer?

Yes, a product manager can become a software engineer. Here are a few tips to help you:

  • Understand software development methodologies. Familiarise yourself with methodologies such as Agile, Scrum or Waterfall, which are widely used in the industry.

  • Gain practical experience. Work on personal projects or contribute to open-source initiatives to build a strong portfolio.

  • Enhance problem-solving abilities. Improve your logical thinking and analytical skills through practice and online resources.

  • Network with colleagues. Attend industry events, workshops and conferences to connect with software engineers and gain insights into the field.

  • Apply for entry-level positions. Gain practical experience and demonstrate your skills to potential employers.

Related: What Are Software Engineer Qualifications? (With Skills)

How can a software engineer become a product manager?

A software engineer can become a product manager by acquiring relevant skills and experience in product management. Here are some tips to help you:

  • Understand product management. Learn the core concepts, responsibilities and processes involved in product management, such as product life cycle, market research and product strategy.

  • Develop business acumen. Enhance your understanding of business strategy, marketing and financial management to make informed decisions as a product manager.

  • Improve soft skills. Strengthen your communication, leadership and team management skills.

  • Gain relevant certifications. Consider obtaining certifications such as the Certified Product Manager or Professional Scrum Product Owner to demonstrate your knowledge and skills.

  • Network. Attend industry events, workshops and conferences to connect with other product managers and gain insights into the field.

  • Seek cross-functional experience. Work closely with product teams within the organisation to gain exposure to product management processes and practices.

  • Apply for product manager roles. Leverage your newly acquired product management skills to apply for relevant positions in the industry.

Related: What Are Product Manager Qualifications (With Job Duties)

How does a software engineer's career progression differ from a product manager's?

Software engineers typically begin their careers as entry-level developers or programmers, focusing on coding and technical problem-solving. As they progress, they may advance to roles such as senior software engineer, team lead or software architect where they design, implement and maintain software systems. They may also guide the development of a technical team.

Product managers start by overseeing individual products or features and working closely with cross-functional teams to define, develop and launch products. As they gain experience, they may advance to senior product manager or group product manager roles, leading multiple products or product lines. Ultimately, they might attain executive positions such as director of product management or chief product officer.


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