Teacher Careers: Job Roles With Salaries And Duties

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 20 January 2023

Published 22 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

A career in teaching can be extremely rewarding if you have an interest in the education sector. Not only does a career in teaching provide you with numerous job perks and a stable salary, but it also helps you contribute to the development of society. Understanding the different types of teaching careers can help you learn more about their duties, responsibilities and possible career opportunities. In this article, we explore some of the most popular teacher careers and learn about the primary role and skills required to make a career in academics.

5 popular teacher careers

Here are some of the most popular teacher careers with their primary duties and average salaries in India:

1. Teaching assistant

National average salary: ₹19,055 per month

Primary duties: The primary duties of a teaching assistant include managing student assignments and supervising laboratories. They provide support to the primary teacher in their work and ensure the safety of the students and the classroom. A teaching assistant also assists lead teachers in creating lesson plans and documenting the progress of students.

Read more: How To Become A Teacher Assistant (With Skills And FAQs)

2. Elementary school teacher

National average salary: ₹15,693 per month

Primary duties: Elementary school teachers are responsible for teaching students from ages five to twelve. Their primary responsibilities include developing lesson plans, preparing tests and assessing the performance of every student. Elementary school teachers also meet with parents to discuss the progress of the students through parent-teacher meet-ups.

3. Preschool teacher

National average salary: ₹2,16,218 per year

Primary duties: Preschool teachers help children learn basic developmental skills. Their primary responsibility is to provide children with an understanding of numbers, shapes, colours and letters. Preschool teachers focus on the holistic development of the child across every sphere. They also maintain the progress of children and provide constructive feedback to the parents.

4. High school teacher

National average salary: ₹22,497 per month

Primary duties: The primary task of a high school teacher is to prepare and deliver lessons to the students from classes 9 to 10+2. They evaluate the strength, weaknesses and abilities of their students and mould their teaching methodologies accordingly. Communicating with parents about students' progress is one of the primary duties of high school teachers. They also teach students about the classroom and school policies regarding attendance and behaviour.

5. Special education teacher

National average salary: ₹16,311 per month

Primary duties: Special education teachers are responsible for educating and training students with physical, mental and learning disabilities. They plan and make lessons for each student based on their unique skills and learning abilities. A special education teacher supports students with disabilities and helps them to overcome social behaviour difficulties. They may teach students at the preschool, elementary, middle and high school levels.

Read more: What Is A Special Education Teacher? (Skills And Salary)

Skills for a teacher

Here are some essential skills that many teachers may possess:


Creative skills help teachers find the easiest and the best solutions to problems. Teaching lessons in a creative way allows students to understand the topics easily. Teaching professionals can improve their creativity through extensive reading and observational learning. Creative teachers can come up with more interesting, exciting and unique lesson plans to capture students' attention and make learning fun for them.

Leadership skills

Teachers who are strong leaders typically understand how to motivate, guide and encourage students effectively. Candidates can develop leadership skills by taking on new responsibilities and challenging roles that require them to take charge. Teachers with strong leadership skills may have a better chance of becoming senior teachers or principals.


The primary job of a teacher requires cooperating with students possessing different learning styles and intellectual abilities. Having patience helps teachers remain calm and professional in challenging situations to properly maintain a balance in the classroom. While patience is an inherent character trait, you can develop it by consciously monitoring possibilities of impulsive behaviour and keeping a check on your response.

Conflict resolution

Often teachers are responsible for managing conflicts and disagreements in the classroom. They use their conflict resolution abilities and active listening to consider each viewpoint and make the right decision. Teachers can enhance their conflict resolution skills by considering every conflict as an opportunity to take away positive learnings. They may try to understand the root cause of conflict and find a solution in every situation.

Time management

Teachers handle multiple tasks at once, from preparing lesson plans to conducting regular tests and assignments. Becoming an effective teacher may often require learning time management skills. Candidates can improve their skills by making a plan and putting it into a perfect routine. Organising a daily routine and making a planned schedule can help enhance time management skills and improve productivity. Teachers can also develop this skill by prioritising tasks and setting deadlines for them. Developing good time management skills can help teachers maintain a healthy work-life balance.

Communication skills

Teachers with strong communication skills often have a better relationship with their students because they tend to connect more effectively with them. This makes it easier for the teachers to have a fruitful interaction with every student in their class. Students may find it easier to share their thoughts, opinions and concerns with teachers. Candidates can improve their communication skills by practising conversations in front of the mirror every day or by joining debating groups.

Technical skills

Teachers often prepare lessons and track the grades of students by using different software and tools. They may use computers to prepare study guides, worksheets and tests for the students. Some teachers also use online videos and interactive exercises to make their teaching style more engaging.

If you are a teacher, learning about the technological advancements in your field can help you develop necessary technical skills. You can also try the latest software and tools that facilitate learning to make your teaching experience more manageable.

Read more: 10 Important Skills Of A Teacher And How To Develop Them

How to become a teacher

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to become a teacher in India:

1. Set your goal

First, determine what kind of a teacher you want to be—generalist or a specialist. If you decide to become a specialist teacher, choose which subject interests you the most. You can also determine the level of students you wish to teach. There are three levels of teaching—the primary level (class 1-5), secondary level (class 6-8) and higher secondary (9-12). Once such goals are set, you can choose the career path accordingly.

2. Complete your education

The minimum required qualification to become a teacher is a graduate degree. After successfully completing your 10+2, you can pursue a bachelor's degree in education (B.Ed). Candidates can also enrol in certification programs like Basic Training Certificate (BTC) or Diploma in Education (D.Ed) during their bachelor's degree to fast-track their process of becoming a teacher.

Aspiring teachers may also pursue a master's degree in education (M.Ed), depending upon their area of interest. Some common teaching disciplines include:

  • early childhood education

  • secondary education

  • special education

  • physical education

3. Gain experience

Candidates can gain practical teaching experience while doing their degree programs or after completing their graduation. You can look for internship opportunities at different schools and student teaching programs.

An entry-level position can help you assist, observe and learn from a senior teacher in the classroom. Joining an internship or entry-level position is an effective way to gain an understanding of the daily teaching tasks and prepare you for your career ahead.

Read more: How To Become An Educational Consultant: A Complete Guide

Frequently asked questions about teaching careers

Here are some frequently asked questions about a career in teaching:

What is the average salary of a teacher?

The average salary of a teacher is ₹19,245 per month. This salary may vary depending on the job location, level of experience and type of institution. Teachers can pursue higher education and earn certifications to increase their remuneration.

What are CTET and TET examinations?

The central teacher eligibility test (CTET) is a national level examination that tests a candidate's eligibility to become a teacher and is valid all over the country. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the exam twice a year. After qualifying in the CTET examination, you can apply for teaching jobs in schools and other institutions.

Candidates can get a state-level teaching job by qualifying the state-level teacher eligibility test (TET). There are various government and private schools where CTET and TET scores are valid.

What are the benefits of pursuing teaching as a career?

Pursuing a career in academics can be extremely rewarding. Some of the key perks and benefits of a teaching career include job security, healthy work-life balance, the opportunity to make a difference in society, a decent salary and health insurance and pension plans. You may also have immense opportunities to grow and take up diverse job roles as a teacher.

Related: What Do Physical Education Teachers Do? (A Complete Guide)

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

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