Ultimate Guide To Explore Many Different Types of Jobs

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 14 July 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Finding a career that suits your interests, skills and salary expectations takes both time and research. One way to narrow down your search is by identifying the industry you are interested in. It will also help you gain an overall understanding of the academic and technical experience you will need to obtain, as the professions within industries often require similar skills. In this article, we explore the duties and average salary of different types of jobs, organised by industry.

How many types of jobs are there in the world?

There are a lot of jobs in various industries in the world. Here is the list of jobs available in different industries:

Jobs in science, technology and engineering

If you have an interest in science and technology, you may find fulfilment in one of the following jobs in this industry:

1. Biologist

National average salary: ₹3,52,164 per year

Primary duties: Biologists study living organisms like humans, plants, animals and bacteria and their relationship with the environment. These professionals primarily do research, collect samples and conduct tests and experiments. There are around 10 sub-branches in biology. You can choose to specialise in any of those disciplines.

2. Mechanical engineer

National average salary: ₹2,34,878 per year

Primary duties: A mechanical engineer's work mainly entails creating and distributing energy. These professionals often analyse a problem related to the use of energy, and research, design and manufacture mechanical or thermal devices that might solve that problem. They also investigate the failure of equipment, diagnose faulty parts and suggest remedies.

Related: How To Become a Mechanical Engineer

3. Nuclear engineer

National average salary: ₹2,73,059 per year

Primary duties: A nuclear engineer develops processes, instruments and systems that can be used to derive benefits from nuclear radiation and energy. They primarily design and develop nuclear equipment, create the operating procedures used in nuclear power plants and operate the machinery that monitors nuclear power. They also find methods to handle and dispose of nuclear waste.

Jobs in law and public safety

If you like the idea of protecting and serving the public, then a career in the legal industry or law enforcement may be perfect for you. Here are some popular jobs in this industry:

1. Firefighter

National average salary: ₹2,96,532 per year

Primary duties: Firefighters are first responders in the event of a fire breakout and have to combat and extinguish the fire. They primarily put out fires, find and rescue the victims from the burning buildings, provide basic first aid and prepare reports on such incidents. As a firefighter, you will find multiple job opportunities in both the public and private sectors.

2. Police officer

National average salary: ₹5,88,980 per year

Primary duties: A police officer maintains peace and order in the area allocated to them. They protect the communities by fighting and preventing crime. They are mainly responsible for patrolling neighbourhoods, responding to emergency calls, arresting criminals and testifying at court about cases they were involved with.

3. Lawyer

National average salary: ₹2,95,643 per year

Primary duties: A lawyer provides clients with advice regarding their legal rights. They are responsible for presenting the facts of their case in courts and seeking justice for their clients. Their duties also include conducting research and analysis of legal problems and interpreting the law for individuals and businesses.

Jobs in information technology

If you have an interest in coding and like computers, there are a lot of career options in information technology for you. Your options include:

1. Computer programmer

National average salary: ₹3,49,549 per year

Primary duties: A computer programmer writes, tests and maintains the source code designed for a particular program. They primarily write code and update existing programs, debug programs by fixing errors and build computer-assisted software engineering tools to automate the code-writing process. There are multiple programming languages like Java, Hadoop, C++, Python, that you can learn to build your career as a computer programmer.

Related: What Is Software Engineering? Complete Guide

2. Web developer

National average salary: ₹2,39,524 per year

Primary duties: Web developers designs websites after understanding the requirements of the client. They primarily design the layout of a website, write the code, integrate various applications, maintain and update the websites. You should know different web design coding languages like HTML, Javascript, PHP.

3. Database administrator

National average salary: Rs. 6,64,618 per year

Primary duties: A database administrator uses specialised software to store and maintain an organisation's data. They make sure that data is available to authorised users. They also secure data from any corruption or accidental loss. They also often need to evaluate database software purchases, modify existing software and regularly update the users about changes in the database.

Jobs in the medical field

If you enjoy helping people improve their quality of life and well-being, you may find jobs in this field highly rewarding. Some examples of jobs in this industry include:

1. Anaesthesiologist

National average salary: ₹11,74,715 per year

Primary duties: An anesthesiologist administers anaesthesia before, during or after surgery. Their primary duties include administering an anaesthetic, monitoring the patient's vital functions during surgery and controlling the intravenous fluids that patients receive during surgery.

2. Paediatrician

National average salary:₹15,07,141 per year

Primary duties: Paediatricians provide medical care for children or teenagers. Their primary duties include assessing any unusual trend in a child's growth, helping children feel comfortable during checkups and assessing test reports for proper diagnosis.

3. Registered nurse

National average salary: ₹2,57,157 per year

Primary duties: A registered nurse provides care and treatment to patients suffering from medical conditions. They administer medication, monitor the recovery of patients, educate both patients and their families on post-hospital treatment and disease prevention.

Jobs in education

If you enjoy teaching others, you can choose to make a career in the education field. Here are some popular career types in this industry:

1. College professor

National average salary: ₹8,47,444 per year

Primary duties: College professors teach undergraduate and graduate students. Their primary duties include preparing course curricula, presenting lectures to students, publishing research papers, monitoring the progress of students and performing student assessments.

2. High school teacher

National average salary: ₹3,13,342 per year

Primary duties: A high school teacher prepares students for life after school. Their primary duties include planning a curriculum, assessing students to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses, teaching students in small groups or as an entire class and meeting parents to discuss the progress of their children.

3. Online educators

National average salary:₹8,02,884 per year

Primary duties: Online educators are mostly subject experts who teach online. Their primary duties include preparing lectures in a way easy that is easy to explain online, holding sessions for answering questions of students, recording the sessions and checking for clarity of video and audio. An online tutor can work independently or get associated with institutions that deliver classes via digital platforms.

Jobs in business management

If you enjoy business or have an aptitude for numbers, you may enjoy a career in business management. Here are some common types of jobs in this industry:

1. Human resources manager

National average salary: ₹3,60,344 per year

Primary duties: A human resources manager plans, directs and handles an organisation's administrative functions. Their primary duties include developing and administering HR plans, maintaining and revising the company's handbook on policies and procedures, conducting employee orientations and overseeing exit interviews and maintaining records and reports.

Related: Top HR Skills and Activities

2. Accountant

National average salary: ₹2,44,090 per year

Primary duties: An accountant handles financial information that helps investors, business owners, managers make sound financial decisions. They primarily maintain profit-and-loss statements, do risk assessments, manage the company's taxes, create and maintain the budget and suggest strategies for cost reduction and revenue enhancement.

Related: What Is an Accountant? Types and Career Advice

3. Investment banker

National average salary: ₹5,82,776 per year

Primary duties: An investment banker helps organisations raise the funds by issuing stocks and other securities. They primarily build financial models during mergers and acquisitions, do financial planning and perform business evaluations.

Jobs in architecture and construction

If you have an interest in designing or building residences or commercial structures, you may enjoy the following jobs in architecture or construction:

1. Construction manager

National average salary: ₹4,76,130 per year

Primary duties: A construction manager coordinates and supervises various projects, including commercial and residential construction, industrial structures and roads. Their primary duties include overseeing and directing construction projects from start to finish, coordinating and directing the work of construction workers and subcontractors and taking the steps to ensure completion of the project on time and budget.

2. Electrician

National average salary: ₹2,00,153 per year

Primary duties: An electrician installs and maintains the power systems for factories, homes and businesses. Their primary duties include installing and maintaining wiring and lighting systems, repairing and replacing wiring and equipment and inspecting electrical components like transformers and circuit breakers.

3. Civil engineer

National average salary: ₹2,70,077 per year

Primary duties: A civil engineer plans public works projects and supervises their implementation. Their primary duties are developing detailed designs, researching and providing estimates for projects, conducting feasibility assessments and site inspections and monitoring and optimising production processes and safety procedures.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing.

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