What Does An HR Recruiter Do? (Plus How To Become One)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 7 December 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Recruiters play a crucial role in ensuring that a company hires talented and skilled employees. They are part of the HR, or human resources, team and work with team managers to help them fill vacant or new positions.

If you are interested in a career in HR, you can consider becoming an HR recruiter and understanding their role, duties and responsibilities helps you decide if this is the right career choice. In this article, we discuss what does an HR recruiter do, learn about their average salaries and work environment and find out how to become one.

What does an HR recruiter do?

If you are contemplating a career in HR, understanding the answer to "What does an HR recruiter do?" can help you get a better idea of the job and role. The primary goal of a recruiter is to find and hire qualified employees for various positions in the company. They also usually create job descriptions, post listings, screen applicants, schedule interviews with potential candidates and onboard selected hires.

In some companies, the role of an HR recruiter may be to screen applicants and conduct the initial interviews. In contrast, some companies may involve recruiters in all stages of the hiring process, like contacting references, drafting job offers and welcoming new employees. Here are some day-to-day responsibilities of HR recruiters:

  • develop and build the company's recruitment strategy

  • implement and monitor the goals and targets of the recruitment process

  • create and implement innovative recruitment ideas to attract qualified candidates

  • discuss with internal team managers to create attractive vacancy notifications

  • advertise open positions on job portals and social media channels

  • hold meetings with managers to discuss talent requirements, the efficiency of the recruitment process and alter the strategy as required

  • contact to colleges and universities to hire freshers

  • network with trade groups and industry networks to access expert talent

  • build a list of qualified candidates to fill open positions

  • screen potential candidates to evaluate if they are the right fit for open positions

  • maintain and organise candidate records and data

  • collect and monitor the cost and time per hire

Related: What Is A Recruiter? A Complete Guide

How to become a recruiter

HR recruiters can have varying backgrounds and educational qualifications. Here are the basic steps to follow to begin your career as an HR recruiter:

1. Get the right degree

The right undergraduate degree can give you an advantage when applying for recruiter jobs. Besides equipping you with the necessary technical skills, a bachelor's degree also helps develop the required soft skills like communication, decision-making and problem-solving skills. While there is no specific degree to become a recruiter, the following subjects can help you prepare for the job ahead of time:

  • human resources

  • psychology

  • business

  • marketing

  • sociology

If you have a bachelor's in other subjects, you can still become a recruiter by obtaining relevant certification and gaining the right experience.

Related: The Functions And Departments Of HR: A Complete Guide

2. Obtain certifications and undergo training

Completing recruitment training and certifications can help you keep yourself updated with industry trends and practices. There are plenty of online and offline certificates that can help you advance your recruitment career. Analyse the different certifications available and choose the best one that fits your requirements. If required, you can also enrol for certifications recommended by your employer when you start working.

Related: How To List Certifications On A Resume (With Examples)

3. Undergo internships and gain relevant work experience

Most employers prefer candidates with prior experience in recruiting. As a fresher, it can be challenging to find the right employment opportunity. So, the first step is to gain relevant experience in related industries that can help you develop your recruiting skills. Some of the best jobs for recruiters to gain experience include:

  • sales

  • support

  • operations

  • administration

  • human resources

Alternatively, you can also look for internships in recruitment firms that help you understand the recruitment process and provide exposure to mentors.

Related: What Are Internships And How Do You Find One?

4. Hone your skills and strengths

Here are some essential skills that help you succeed in your role as an HR recruiter:

  • Communication skills: The primary responsibility of an HR recruiter is to communicate with potential hires, interact with internal team managers and discuss hiring strategies. Thus, having good communication skills, both verbal and written, can help you complete various day-to-day tasks effectively.

  • Attention to detail: Interviewing applicants can be a challenging process. Detail-oriented observation skills can help you identify the key strengths of job applications and evaluate whether they are the right fit for the role.

  • Outgoing personality: Recruiters act as the company's representatives and create the first impression about the organisation among potential hires. Hence, having a pleasing and outgoing personality helps you project a positive image of the workplace, inspiring candidates to join the team.

  • Multitasking skills: The role of an HR recruiter is multifaceted as they have to handle multiple applications, interview candidates for various positions, answer calls, provide feedback, schedule interviews and interact with internal managers. Hence, it is crucial to multitask efficiently and carry out several tasks simultaneously.

  • Organisational skills: The role of an HR recruiter requires filing paperwork, scheduling interviews with candidates, following up applications and maintaining other records. Having strong organisational skills can be an incredible advantage for recruiters as it helps them with several tasks.

  • Decision-making skills: Employers rely on the recruiter's opinions to choose suitable candidates for open positions. Sound decision making helps recruiters identify the best candidates and make confident recommendations to the employer.

  • Intercultural and language skills: HR recruiters interact with candidates from diverse cultural and geographic backgrounds. Thus, having the language skills to interact with people in their preferred language can be an advantage and being aware of different cultures can also be helpful.

Related: Top HR Skills And Activities

5. Apply for open positions

The final step to becoming a recruiter is to apply for available positions. Familiarise yourself with the standard HR interview questions. Prepare your resume and write a cover letter explaining your passion for recruitment and why you think you are the right candidate for the role. Make sure you highlight relevant skills, certifications and experience in your job application.

Related: Writing A Cover Letter: Tips And Examples

Tips to succeed as an HR recruiter

It takes skill, practicse and intuition to succeed as an HR recruiter. Here are some tips to help you progress in your career:

  • Maintain a work calendar. Staying organised can help prioritise tasks and goals. Maintain a detailed work calendar to keep track of interviews, meetings, phone calls and help you plan tasks according to priority.

  • Improve your negotiation skills. Negotiation is an integral part of the recruiter's role as you may have to negotiate with potential candidates regarding salaries and convince team managers that you have hired the right person for the position. Develop your negotiation skills to persuade candidates and managers of your choices.

  • Maintain candidate databases. Having a talent pool helps you fill future openings quickly and efficiently. Create a database of all applications you receive so that you can reach out to them in the future when an appropriate position opens up.

  • Be proactive in your communication. It is essential to build good relationships with candidates, internal team managers, and other HR team members as a recruiter. Be proactive in your communications and let everyone on the team know your recruitment strategies.

  • Understand the needs of your organisation. Successful recruiters are knowledgeable about business operations, understand recruitment patterns and trends and keep in touch with managers to understand their talent requirements. This way, you can proactively source suitable applicants for your organisation at the right time, thereby reducing the time and cost to hire.

Related: Negotiation Skills: Definitions, Benefits And Examples

Salary and work environment of HR recruiters

The average salary of a recruiter is approximately ₹19,536 per month. This figure can vary depending on the location, experience, employer and job profile. The compensation usually increases as you gain more experience and develop expertise in hiring candidates for specific roles and industries. For example, a senior recruiter has an average salary of ₹23,686 per month. The pay also varies based on your specialisation. For example, the average salary of IT recruiters is ₹20,947 per month, whereas the approximate average salary of technical recruiters is ₹20,365 per month.

Recruiters can work in both full-time and freelance roles. While they usually have fixed working hours, they may have to conduct interviews over the weekend or attend recruitment events outside their working hours. Recruiters may also have to travel to visit colleges, participate in industry events or manage career fairs. Senior recruiters usually create strategies and provide direction to their teams. After gaining experience and building their network, many recruiters also start their recruitment firms to offer services to other companies.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

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