What Does A Logistician Do? (With Skills And Salary)
Updated 18 March 2023
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Logisticians play an important role in organisations by ensuring that end-users receive their products on time. For this, they monitor, analyse and manage the complete supply chain in companies. If you are interested in pursuing a career in logistics, learning about what the profession entails can benefit you. In this article, we discuss what a logistician does, look at their roles and responsibilities, find out their average salary, understand how to become one and explore the skills needed.
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What Does A Logistician Do?
If you are considering a career in logistics, you may wonder, "What does a logistician do?". Logisticians manage the entire life cycle of products by analysing and coordinating the complete supply chain. Their job is to ensure the proper acquisition of raw materials, allocation of resources, distribution of end products and delivery. Every industry that involves the movement of products from the supplier to the end-user requires logisticians to manage the supply chain. While many companies have their own logistics department and hire logistics officers, some outsource the logistics work to companies that specialise in logistics.
Roles And Responsibilities Of A Logistician
The roles and responsibilities of logisticians are as follows:
Manage warehouses and inventory
Allocate resources and manage their supply and transportation
Oversee the complete life cycle of a product from suppliers to consumers
Build relationships with vendors and clients
Negotiate with suppliers to get the best rates
Develop strategies to reduce costs of production and supply
Manage the entire logistics team
Perform quality checks to meet company policies at each stage in the production process
Identify and resolve bottlenecks in the supply chain
Monitor the impact of changes in processes on the supply chain
Create insightful logistics reports to help other departments such as customer service or finance to help them take data-backed decisions
Conduct environmental audits to evaluate the effect of logistics activities on the environment
How Much Does A Logistician Make?
The average salary of a logistician is ₹17,111 per month. Depending on the organisation you work for, your qualifications and the years of experience you have, there are several other roles available in logistics. Some of these include:
How To Become A Logistician
Here is a step-by-step guide that you can follow to become a logistician:
1. Earn a bachelor's degree
After completing your 10+2, begin your career as a logistician with a bachelor's degree in engineering, BBA in logistics management or business management. You can also pursue a diploma course, such as a diploma in logistics management or an advanced certificate in supply chain management. Getting a minimum of 55% in your bachelor's degree can help you get admitted to good MBA colleges and other related postgraduate courses.
2. Pursue a master's degree
Having a master's degree in supply chain management, logistics, transport and operations can improve your knowledge, enhance your skills and also improve your employability. You can learn different subjects, such as marketing management, materials management, business communication, supplier relationship management, logistics accounting and more, along with supply chain management. You can opt for an MBA in logistics management, MBA in operations or an MBA in logistics and supply chain management.
3. Get certified
You can become a logistics officer even if you belong to a stream other than business, logistics, operations or supply chain. There are several online education platforms these days that offer correspondence courses or short-term courses that help you specialise in logistics and supply chains. These courses are generally offered by leading universities and made available to students through online platforms. Enrol for a diploma or a course that you are interested in at a university of your choice.
4. Do internships
Having internship experience in the same stream as your education can help improve employability, as employers often look for candidates with relevant experience. While some colleges and universities help students get internships, you can also find relevant internship opportunities on job portals like Indeed. As a fresher, it also shows employers that you are a hard-working candidate who genuinely wants to progress in the field.
5. Update your resume
Once you have completed your education, have all necessary certifications and have gained internship experience, update your resume with all the details. Highlight your strengths and other skills that can help you do well at your job. When you apply to jobs openings, use your cover letter to convince the recruiter why you are an ideal candidate for the job. Customise each cover letter you send depending on the company that you are applying to and the skills that the recruiters are looking for in a candidate.
Related: How To Make A Resume (With Examples)
Skills Needed To Become A Logistician
A logistics officer manages several aspects of the complete supply chain. Here are some skills that can help logisticians do well at their job:
Logistics officers interact with different stakeholders, such as suppliers, clients, customers, team members and workers. Good communication skills ensure that they are able to convey their messages properly. Written communication is also an important skill needed for the job, as many conversations with suppliers and consumers often happen through emails. Having good interpersonal skills can help logisticians build lasting relationships with suppliers and clients. This can help secure the best deals and help logisticians optimise supply chain costs.
Proficiency in supply chain management
A complete understanding of the supply chain is the most important skill for logisticians to perform their duties. Organisations look for logistics officers who can streamline their supply chain, optimise it to reduce costs and increase profits. A logistician proficient in supply chain management can handle multiple aspects like warehouses, inventory, transport, fleets and order fulfilment. They can also help organisations develop strategies that minimise the carbon footprint of their supply chain processes.
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Knowledge about artificial intelligence and automation
A lot of leading companies have started including artificial intelligence (AI) and automation in their supply chains. Since companies find these technologies profitable and there are several use cases for these technologies in logistics, such companies look for candidates who have these skills. Colleges and universities have started offering courses that allow students to specialise in artificial intelligence. If you have completed your education, you can also get certified by pursuing an online course.
Organisational skills are very important for logisticians as they deal with different factors in the supply chain. They may even be responsible for multiple projects at once, each having its own timelines. Organisational skills ensure that logistics officers can manage available resources properly, allocate their time to different activities, maintain records, oversee operations and more. By planning beforehand and scheduling resources accurately, logisticians can ensure that customers receive their goods on time, which then helps organisations build relationships with their customers.
The nature of the supply chain is such that there may often be setbacks in processes, causing a delay in the end delivery. Examples of some problems that may arise include a breakdown of the vehicle delivering the end-product, shortage of raw materials, delayed delivery from suppliers and expired inventory. Problem-solving skills along with decision-making skills can help logisticians act fast, predict problems and resolve them proactively. Being able to predict problems that may arise is important, as it helps them prepare contingency plans.
Related: Problem-Solving Skills: Definitions And Examples
Organisations often look for logistics officers who are good with numbers and have analytical skills. Logisticians place orders for inventory, do calculations to ensure proper levels of inventory, help generate invoices and also play an important role in supply chain budgeting. They gather logistics-related data and create meaningful reports for other departments. Often, logisticians have to look at ongoing trends, interpret graphs and make data-backed changes to the supply chain. Many ed-tech platforms offer analytics certifications that can help logistics officers become eligible for the position of logistics analysts.
An important component of a successful supply chain is the logistics team. There are key players in the supply chain at various levels working together to ensure they deliver the end product on time. A logistics officer who can bring the entire team together to ensure seamless coordination across the supply chain can become an asset to the organisation. Logisticians also have to work with a diverse range of people. Being able to work in diverse teams can help logisticians accomplish their tasks smoothly.
Salary figures show data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing the article. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.
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