What Does A Web Developer Do? (Responsibilities And Salary)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 15 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Web developers use a variety of programming languages to write code. They compile this code to create websites that are appealing, functional and user-friendly. Learning in detail about the intricacies of web development can help you understand this profession better and decide if it is the right career choice for you. In this article, we discuss what does a web developer do, explore what are their different responsibilities and find out how much they can earn on average.

What does a web developer do?

The answer to the question, "What does a web developer do?" lies in their ability to build websites with the help of coding and programming. A web developer first understands the design concept of a website and then builds it using different programming languages such as Python, PHP, Java and HTML. Web developers may often work alongside UI and UX design teams to develop and maintain various websites and web-based platforms that are easy for users to navigate through. They may also collaborate with the marketing team and other developers to optimise the performance of a website.

Related: What Is Coding? A Complete Guide To Coding Languages

Key responsibilities of a web developer

Web developers may handle the execution of end-to-end website development projects. A web developer's jobs description can include responsibilities such as:

  • following design concepts and creating robust websites

  • providing creative and design recommendations for projects

  • creating and managing microsites

  • working on multiple client website development and maintenance projects

  • designing intelligent user interactions and navigations that generate traffic

  • working with server scripts, web hosting and web app installation

  • integrating data from various backend services and databases

  • creating new CMS (content management systems) environments from scratch

  • designing web assets following the branding guidelines

  • working closely with clients to maintain and enhance the web assets

  • reviewing code and maintaining the health of the codebase

  • contributing to intellectual property through patent generation

  • ensuring the brand, legal and process compliance

  • migrating websites from one environment or server to another

  • solving cross-platform and cross-browser issues regularly

  • reporting on technical issues, debug and fix problems

  • possessing knowledge of new technologies and using them for operations

  • optimising trackers and metrics on the website

  • reviewing, editing and optimising basic content on the website

Related: What Is A Web Designer? (With Duties, Salary And Skills)

Skills required to become a web developer

Skills required to become a web developer can include:

Python, PHP and HTML

Possessing knowledge of Python, PHP and HTML can be of vital importance in becoming a web developer. Python has amassed immense popularity in the past few years. Web developers use this language extensively to build web pages, as it offers a rich ecosystem and extensive libraries. HTML is one of the most commonly used markup languages around the world and web developers use this language widely to create web pages. PHP is a general-purpose scripting language that can build powerful and interactive websites.

Responsive web design

A responsive website automatically adjusts for different sizes of the screens like mobile phones, tablets and desktops. This practice involves a blend of flexible grids and layouts, media and smart coding to ensure that web pages scale properly to fit the different screen sizes. Web pages can look broken when the design of the web pages is not responsive and can affect the volume of visitors a website may get. Creating a responsive web design can play a crucial role in web development as it can improve the user experience, which can ensure higher conversions.

Search engine optimisation

Search engine optimisation or SEO is a process that enables a website to rank better in search results. A website that has good SEO can help the client attract more visitors to their website. Many clients prefer developers who know the fundamentals of SEO, as it can add to the growth of their business. This optimisation also focuses on improving the quality of the traffic on a website as it helps the client target the right audience. Good SEO focuses on getting website traffic organically and makes the client's website more discoverable.

Backend

Backend is the server-side development that includes servers, applications and databases. The web developer works in tandem with backend developers to build and maintain these elements for the user-facing side of a website to exist. The user can see the website when the backend code communicates the information in the database to a web browser. Possessing knowledge of libraries, Application Programming Interfaces or APIs, cybersecurity and SQL (Structured Query Language) can also prove to be rewarding.

Testing and debugging

Testing the code and finding bugs in it is an important part of a web developer's job. It renders a website inefficient when the code cannot deliver functionality to the users who are visiting the website. A web developer follows debugging by fixing the code for it to perform better. Regular testing of the code and validating it ensures that the code works as expected and a website application remains functional. The ability to identify, analyse and remove errors may deliver a smooth user experience and can ensure the growth of a business.

JavaScript

Knowing JavaScript can help a web developer create complex features for a website. The programming language can help your clients to store data through caches or move search bars on a webpage. Possessing good JavaScript skills can help you create highly interactive websites that focus on user experience. It can also enable you to convert a web page from a static page into an interactive one. The knowledge of JavaScript also plays a pivotal role in making web pages more responsive and dynamic.

Average salary of a web developer

The average salary of a web developer is ₹16,702 per month. They can work as full-time, part-time or contractual professionals. Web developers may also choose to work full time until they have gained enough experience to work as a freelance web developer. The salary of a web developer may differ based on the city they work in or the type and size of the project on which they work.

Related: Coder Vs. Programmer - Fundamental Differences

Scope of web development

Companies around the world are adopting a digital-first approach, which is creating a high demand for web developers. Here are some top industries that can employ web developers:

  • computer systems design

  • publishing

  • digital media

  • e-commerce

  • services

  • advertising

  • public relations

  • data processing

  • website hosting

  • manufacturing

  • finance

Related: What Is A Computer Programmer? Definition And Career Advice

How to become a web developer

Here are a few steps to become a web developer:

1. Complete school education

The first step involves completing your higher secondary education (12th grade) from a board recognised by the Government of India. Choose a stream that offers computer education to build strong technical knowledge from an early stage. These subjects can include programming language C, SQL or Visual Basics. If these subjects are not part of your main curriculum, you can also opt for them as additional subjects if your school allows for such an arrangement.

2. Earn a bachelor's degree

The second step is to earn a bachelor's degree in computer science courses such as a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science or a Bachelor of Science in Web Design. Some employers may not require a certain degree in web development, but others may prefer web developers possessing a bachelor's degree in web development. You can also consider various bachelor's degree courses in information technology as it can help you become ready for the industry.

3. Pursue additional courses and certificates

Pursuing additional courses and certificates can add to the knowledge that you gain in school and college. These additional and optional courses can give you in-depth knowledge that can increase your chances of getting good web development jobs. These courses can help you learn how to build websites and HTML-based mobile applications, acquire the knowledge of backend and frontend operations and become proficient in databases and server-side languages.

4. Do an internship

You can also consider doing an internship with an organisation before you take up web development professionally. An internship can help you get familiarised with your field and develop subject awareness. Internships are a great way to become part of different teams performing varied tasks in an organisation. This experience can help you gain confidence, augment your education and create an impression on hiring managers.

5. Build a portfolio and apply for jobs

You can build your portfolio and showcase your work through that after completing the internship. List out all the projects that highlight your achievements as an intern. You can also create a resume that lists out your educational qualifications. You can visit the websites of the organisations that you wish to work with and check out if there are any openings. Fill in the job application form and submit your resume and portfolio.

Salary figures show data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing the article. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

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