What Is A Beautician? (With Duties, Skills And Requirements)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 19 July 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

A beautician is a professional who provides beauty treatments, such as treating the customer's skin, doing their nail, styling their hair and putting on their makeup. Pursuing a career in the beauty industry is a fulfilling choice for those who have an interest in skincare, hair styling, cosmetic treatments and aesthetic treatments. Learning what these professionals do in their daily jobs can help you decide if this career choice would suit your personal and professional goals.

In this article, we answer the question, "What is a beautician?", outline their duties and responsibilities, list the requirements of becoming a beautician and review their work environment and the skills required for the role.

What Is A Beautician?

The answer to the question, "What is a beautician?" is that these professionals provide personal care and cosmetic services to their customers. These professionals provide recommendations and services to help customers achieve their aesthetic goals. A beautician improves the physical looks of customers and helps them feel better about themselves. Some common services provided by beauticians might include:

  • Nail treatment: A beautician provides nail treatments like manicures and pedicures. When providing manicure services, these professionals focus on shaping, buffing and polishing nails, while pedicurist focuses on feet, which involves foot massage and treating toenails.

  • Hair treatment: Hair treatment specialists are professionals who provide many services, such as permanent hair conditioning, haircutting, hair colouring, trimming and styling. These professionals might work on both males and females.

  • Skincare: Beauticians working in skin care are aestheticians who help a customer keep their skin young and healthy. They provide this treatment using moisturisers, facials and chemical peels.

  • Makeup: A beautician might apply makeup for special occasions, such as weddings and family functions. Using their experience, they might recommend products to their customers.

Related: How To Become A Movie Makeup Artist (With Duties And Skills)

What Does A Beautician Do?

Beauticians are professionals who specialise in performing makeup, hair and skin treatments. Depending on their interest, a beautician might focus on one particular service instead of offering various services. Some common job responsibilities of a beautician are:

  • Shampooing, styling, cutting and colouring hair, massaging and treating scalps

  • Performing manicures, pedicures and facials depending upon the customer's requirement

  • Performing temporary and permanent hair removal treatments, such as waxing and chemical hair removal

  • Applying makeup products like lipstick, eyeliner and other beauty products

  • Providing guidelines to customers on how to take care of their skin

  • Booking customer appointments over the phone

  • Cross-selling therapies, beauty products and hair treatment creams to customers

  • Keeping tracking of stock level

  • Greeting customers upon arrival

  • Keeping workstation and tools clean

  • Administering skin care therapies and performing scalp therapies based on the skin tone of customers

  • Using professional techniques to apply makeup

  • Promoting services and implementing marketing efforts

Related: 12 Essential Stylist Tools (With Stylist Duties And Skills)

Benefits Of Becoming A Beautician

Some benefits of pursuing this career are:

Allow you to interact with various people

As a beautician, you are likely to interact with many people who visit the parlour every day. Connecting with people is essential for relationship building and developing a strong customer portfolio. This helps in forming professional connections and meeting new friends and acquaintances.

Give you an option to choose from various specialities

You can choose a role based on your area of expertise or interest. When working as a beautician, you can choose to be an expert in nail art, manicure, pedicure, hair stylist and makeup artist. Based on your speciality, you might complete a specialised course or training.

Related: 35 Hair Stylist Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)

Ensure customer loyalty

Another advantage of working as a beautician is that customers who are happy with your services are likely to make additional appointments with you. These customers might recommend services to others. The ability to earn customer loyalty is fulfilling because it helps in building a strong customer base.

Ensure rewarding work

As the services of a beautician offer immediate results, it is a fulfilling career. When a customer leaves positive feedback about your services, it boosts your confidence and motivates you to excel in your job. It also provides a sense of accomplishment.

Help earn tips

You might often receive tips from your customers as a gratuity for your services. The tip you earn is above and beyond your monthly or weekly salary. These extra tips allow you to earn extra money.

Requirement Of Becoming A Beautician

While there is no specific educational requirement to become a beautician, employers might expect a professional to complete at least their 10+2 before attending any specialised course related to hair styling, makeup and skincare. Courses in cosmetology, fashion media makeup, hair styling and artistry makeup can help these professionals excel in their careers.

Typically, after completing the course, these professionals might undergo a few months of training to practise the skills they learned. The more a beautician practices, the higher the chances of performing excellent customer service. Often, a salon might provide on-the-job training to these professionals to ensure they work as per requirement.

Skills Of A Beautician

A beautician requires both technical and soft skills to excel in their career. Some common skills of a beautician are:

Attention to detail

A customer who comes to avail beauty services has a specific vision of what services they want from the beautician. Customers expect these professionals to follow their requests and perform all services to ensure customer satisfaction. Most professionals prefer hiring beauticians who can improve the aesthetic appeal of their customers.

Related: Attention To Detail: Definition, Examples And Tips

Communication skills

Often, customers interact and communicate with beauticians to share their professional recommendations. Communication skills help these professionals understand the customer. During the service, a beautician might interact with the customer to build a strong professional relationship.

Related: 10 Ways To Improve Your English Communication Skills

Physical fitness

As a beautician might stand for extended hours, these professionals require to be physically fit. Salons and beauty parlours prefer hiring candidates with manual dexterity. This allows them to use various tools such as styling tools and scissors. Being agile and efficient at work allows these professionals to work effortlessly.

Customer service skills

Beauticians with excellent customer service skills provide a pleasant experience for every customer. Excellent customer service skills help these professionals provide desired services. This encourages customers to re-book and revisit future services from the same salon.

Related: Customer Service Soft Skills: Definition And Examples

Beauty treatment skills

A beautician performs various beauty treatments based on the customer's requirements. Often, in the absence of one beautician, another beautician might complete their work. As a result, hiring managers expect a beautician to be skilled at more than one beauty treatment. The ability to perform procedures and explain the importance of various beauty treatments is essential for a successful career.

Health and safety management

To provide beauty services in a safe environment, beauticians require an understanding of various health requirements and comfortable procedures. Since their work might involve proximity to a customer's skin, following strict health and safety guidelines is essential for this role. Also, keeping the environment clean can help these professionals ensure a safe environment for customers and ensure no one gets infected with any disease.


Since most beauty procedures a beautician performs are personal, these professionals might develop empathy skills to connect with customers. Being empathetic help these professionals understand their needs and concerns. This allows these professionals to relate to customers and offer services.

Related: Empathic Skills: Definition And Examples (With Tips)

Time management and organisation

A beautician might work with various customers at the same time and provide a range of services. Being organised can help these professionals manage days when there is an influx of customers. Time management skills allow these professionals to work efficiently, prioritise tasks and complete customer services on time.

Related: 8 Cosmetology Skills (With Definition And Tips To Improve)

Work Environment Of A Beautician

Beauticians work in spas, resorts, salons and beauty clinics. They might work five or six days a week, including nights and weekends when they work as makeup or hair stylist for weddings and other functions. Most of these professionals establish a regular schedule. Some might even work as freelancers and set up their businesses.

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