What Is A Database Designer? (Responsibilities And Salary)

Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 22 February 2023

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

A database is a collection of structured information stored within a computer. When a database designer organises this information according to a database model, this process becomes database designing. Learning more about database designing and this position can help you find out if this is the right career path for you. In this article, we discuss what is a database designer, explore their important responsibilities and discover what is their average salary.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

What Is A Database Designer?

To find out the answer to the question, 'What is a database designer?', you can look at their varied daily tasks that can range from creating to maintaining an organisation's database to facilitate their work efficiency. A database designer is in charge of designing, developing, executing and preserving a company's data management systems. One of the most important responsibilities of a database designer is to form relationships between various elements of data and give it a logical structure.

Related: What Does A Database Manager Do? (With Skills And Salary)

Key Responsibilities Of A Database Designer

Here are a few responsibilities of a database designer:

  • Understand the organisation's data to skillfully carry out the company's database design projects

  • Install and configure relational database management system on the company's server

  • Design database schemas and create databases for varied projects of the company

  • Handle the creation of new users, define roles and privileges and grant access to them

  • Assist application development teams to easily connect to the databases

  • Track the performance of the databases and fix issues quickly to facilitate smooth functioning

  • Use the best techniques for enhanced scalability and efficiency of large databases

  • Understand complex problems, devise solutions and transform them into software requirements

  • Conduct data research and query large and complex datasets to provide the best data modelling

Related: What Are The Different Database Types?

Average Salary Of A Database Designer

The average salary of a database designer is ₹7,06,032 per year. This opportunity can be a part-time or a full-time job where a company can ask you to work for up to 45 hours a week. With many companies adopting a digital-first approach, database designers are in high demand and can work in many industries like information technology, telecom and fast-moving consumer goods or FMCG.

Technical Skills Required To Become A Database Designer

Database designers may require knowledge of technical skills, such as:


Structured Query Language or SQL is a popular programming language that developers use for relational databases. This database coding language can allow database developers and designers to extract and manage data stored in relational databases. Various SQL commands can help you perform functions like updating, searching, retrieving, adding and deleting data quickly.


From establishing computer networks to managing databases, Python has been a go-to general-purpose language for developers working in various fields of technology. Python can offer database designers in-built database support and database application programming interface (API). Knowing Python can help database designers to collaborate with information technology professionals and company leadership to establish software integration with different databases.


Short for Hypertext Processor, PHP is an open-source scripting language that is used by developers who work on the server-side of a process. PHP can be a great tool to define and maintain a company's databases. With scripts in PHP, you can set up connections with a database and fetch or send information to the database. You can also create information databases with ease since many database systems usually support PHP.

JavaScript and HTML

JavaScript is a scripting language that programmers usually use to create content for the web and structure it. Knowledge of JavaScript can allow database designers to retrieve and save data from a database. You can use HTML or Hypertext Markup Language to structure content on a webpage. With the knowledge of HTML, you can build an HTML form, for example, a sign-up form, and put data into a MySQL database using PHP.

Related: How To Learn JavaScript (With Advantages And Functions)


Backend is the server-side development that includes servers, applications and databases. Backend skills can allow you to work with backend developers to build and maintain databases for the users. Knowledge of backend coding may enable you to let users connect to the company's servers for various operations like accessing archives. Since the backend can act as a connection between the database and the frontend, this may allow the users to use databases for information storage and retrieval.

Related: What Is A Relationship In Database? (Definition And Types)

Debugging database queries

Efficient database designers usually know how to make management systems process large datasets without errors. Skillfully combining many data sources, like tables, can eliminate query errors generated by the DBMS. Database designers may employ different debugging tools and evaluation strategies to perform corrective queries and update a database. Regular validation of data may ensure the database works as expected. The ability to identify, analyse and remove errors can deliver a smooth user experience and can ensure the growth of a business.

Related: Similarities And Differences Between C++ And Java

How To Become A Database Designer?

Here are a few steps to become a database designer:

1. Complete school education

The first step may involve completing your higher secondary education from a board recognised by the Government of India. Choosing a stream that offers subjects related to computers can help you build technical knowledge from a young age. Subjects that are offered in schools can include Visual Basics (VB), SQL and C. If your school does not have these subjects as part of their core curriculum, you can also select them as part of additional subjects that you want to learn if your school has such an arrangement.

2. Earn a bachelor's degree

After completing your school education, you can focus on a bachelor's degree in computer science courses like a Bachelor of Science in computer science. Success in this career opportunity may majorly depend on your technical abilities, but some employers can ask for a bachelor's degree in data science. You can also consider pursuing various bachelor's degree courses in information technology, as they can help you become ready for the industry.

Related: Job Options for MCA (With Salary and Responsibilities)

3. Pursue additional courses

Possessing more skills can make you a successful database designer and add to the knowledge gained in school and college. After completing your graduation, you can consider pursuing a certificate course or registering yourself in a diploma course. These courses offer an advanced understanding of a subject and can help you build an extensive set of skills. Many courses on databases aim to teach topics like fundamentals of SQL database management, tables, views, stored procedures and relational database management systems (RDBMS).

4. Complete an internship

Completing an internship before getting a full-time job can offer you firsthand experience in your field. An internship with a technology firm can help you build your database design skills and get familiarised with its various intricacies. An internship may also serve as a great opportunity to work with experienced professionals and managers from whom you can learn a lot. This exercise collectively can equip you with the details of backend development and maintenance, alongside gaining confidence and creating an impression on future hiring managers.

Related: 10 Benefits Of An Internship (Including A Definition)

5. Build a portfolio and apply for jobs

Once you gain experience working as an intern, you can take up freelance projects that you can add to your portfolio. A portfolio can allow you to highlight your educational journey and the projects you have worked on. After building a solid portfolio, you can start applying for full-time jobs. To do that, you can visit the websites of the organisations that you wish to work with and check out if there are any openings. Fill in the job application form and submit your resume and portfolio.

Related: Database Interview Questions For Freshers And Experienced Professionals (With Sample Answers)

Careers With Skills And Roles Similar To Database Designers

Here are some careers with similar skills and qualifications as that of a database designer:

Data engineer

A data engineer can handle big data collected from a wide variety of sources. Companies may require them to develop and implement data model changes that align with their goals. They may also provide feedback to enable improvements in the processing of big data.

Database administrator

A database administrator may oversee, build and test a company's databases. Companies can require them to perform varied functions that can include designing and implementing new databases. They may also handle database architecture and designing schemas.

SQL developer

An SQL developer is in charge of assisting SQL server database application development and its maintenance. Companies can require them to have a strong knowledge of normalisation and denormalisation of data. They may also work with application developers to create optimised queries.

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