Azure Interview Questions (With Example Answers)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 13 September 2022

Published 6 June 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Windows Azure is a cloud computing platform providing a range of services. From analytics, computing, storage and networking to SQL databases, a developer uses this platform to perform various software development requirements. For this reason, having in-depth knowledge of Azure is essential. If you are preparing and studying for a developer's interview, studying Azure interview questions can help you demonstrate your skills to the interviewer. In this article, we offer basic, technical and in-depth examples of questions you may encounter in your Azure interview with example answers.

Basic Azure Interview Questions

Here are some basic questions about cloud computing, development, career goals and plans you might face in your Azure interview:

  • How would you explain Azure to non-technical stakeholders?

  • What are the biggest challenges of working on Azure?

  • What do you think would be the most significant trend in cloud computing in the coming years?

  • Tell us about your latest Azure project. What was your contribution to making the project successful?

  • Describe yourself in one word.

  • Why do you want to join our company?

  • In your own words, define cloud computing.

  • What are different cloud service models?

  • Why do you think businesses are shifting to cloud computing?

  • What is the difference between SaaS, IaaS and PaaS?

  • Name a mobile app that annoys you. What is wrong with the app?

  • What do you do outside of your working hours to sharpen your Azure skills?

  • What is your salary expectation?

  • How does your strength help you perform in your current job?

  • How do you handle work stress and pressure?

  • Describe your work style and ethics.

  • What do you like least about your current job?

  • Have you ever been blamed for a development issue that was not your fault?

  • What are the most important things you are looking at in your next role?

  • How well will you assimilate into a new working environment?

  • Which part of your current job is most challenging?

  • Which part of your current job is the least challenging?

  • Where do you see yourself five years?

  • Why should we hire you?

Technical Azure Interview Questions

Here are some questions the interviewers may ask to gauge your Azure skills and experience:

  • How is Azure different from AWS?

  • Name three principal segments of Microsoft Azure.

  • Are you familiar with Azure CDN? If so, why is it important?

  • What is the difference between the Powerhouse and Repository Server?

  • What is your understanding of auto scaling in Azure?

  • Have you used the 'Migration Assistant' tool in Microsoft Azure?

  • While working on Azure, you encounter a drive failure. What will you do to solve the issue?

  • Which service do you use to manage resources in Azure?

  • Can Azure availability sets work with scale sets?

  • How to stay current on Microsoft Azure?

  • What service model in cloud computing do you know?

  • Have you ever used Windows Azure Compute Emulator?

  • Do you have experience creating an HDInsight Cluster in Azure?

  • Can you name different power states of a Virtual Machine?

  • In your own words, define lookup transformation?

  • Which programming languages do you know?

  • What do you know about the Azure Fabric Controller?

  • Name a few Azure PaaS services.

  • Explain SQL Azure database.

  • Name four power states of a Virtual Machine.

  • What do you like best about working with Azure?

  • Do you have Azure Microsoft certification? Do you plan to get a certification in the future?

  • What are your strengths and weakness with Azure?

  • What is your experience working with Microsoft Azure?

  • Can you add an existing Virtual Machine to an availability set?

  • Name two deployment environments offered by Azure.

  • What is Azure Data Lake?

  • What is repetitive and minimal monitoring?

  • What is a hybrid cloud? Give four advantages of a hybrid cloud.

  • Have you ever worked with Windows Azure traffic manager?

In-Depth Questions

Here are some in-depth questions that provide you an opportunity to demonstrate your Azure experience:

  • Explain your two recent Azure projects.

  • You have to synchronise all changes in the remote database with the SQL Azure database. How will you do it?

  • What is hybrid and community cloud? Why are they both required?

  • What are the types of storage areas in Azure?

  • Do you know about Fault and Update domains?

  • How is an Azure Active Directory different from Windows Active Directory?

  • What steps do you perform to shift an Azure Virtual Machine from one virtual network to another?

  • How is a Service Configuration File different from a Service Definition File?

  • In your own words, explain Azure Diagnostics.

  • What types of web deployment is deployable in Azure?

  • Explain the availability sets.

  • How will you troubleshoot when your Azure Virtual Machine faces issues due to host or user configuration?

  • What do you know about the Azure Service Level Agreement?

  • What are the types of auto scaling in Azure?

  • Which class will you use to retrieve your data in Azure?

  • What can cause the disconnection of services from the cache?

Azure Interview Questions With Example Answers

Here are some common technical questions with example answers you may face in your Azure interview:

1. What are the principal components of Azure?

Three principal components form the base for developing services in Azure. Knowledge and understanding of these components convey your experience in managing and developing in the Azure environment. In the answer, give a brief description of all three components.

Example: "The three principal components are Azure Compute, Azure Storage and Azure AppFabric. Azure Storage provides four storage services: queues, blobs, Window Azure Drive (VHD) and tables. Azure Compute comprises three roles, namely, web role, VM role and worker role. Azure AppFabric provides five services including, access, caching, composite, integration and service bus."

2. What are the deployment models used in Azure?

There are four deployment models. In-depth knowledge of these shows your experience working with different Azure environments and demonstrates your ability to deploy and migrate the different applications. In the answer, give a brief description of all four deployment models.

Example: "The four deployment models used are Azure Virtual Machines, Service Fabric, Containers and App Service. Virtual Machines is an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), which gives more control over the server but lacks load balancing and auto-scaling features. Service Fabric is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) that works best when re-architecting native apps and creating new applications. App Service is best for native web apps as it provides load balancing and traffic managers. Azure Container helps in the migration of apps across services and platforms."

3. What is auto scaling in Azure?

Azure provides developers with numerous features. Auto scaling is a critical aspect of Azure as it lets you pay for what you use. Demonstrating knowledge in this feature shows the interviewer how you can help a company save money using Azure. In this answer, briefly describe the auto scaling feature.

Example: "Azure provides an intuitive way to scale up and down the computing resources for meeting the ever-changing business requirement. Auto scaling helps you design a scalable architecture of the growth statistics of your site. Azure provides auto scaling in two ways, namely, horizontal scaling and vertical scaling."

4. How is a page blob different from a block blob?

A question that asks you to list differences between two things lets you show your knowledge in both. For the above question, briefly describe both in terms of their most significant difference.

Example: "Blobs (Binary Large Objects) are used to store files, text and extensive data. Page blobs are a collection of pages identifiable by their offset set from the start of the Blob. The maximum page blob size is 1 TB. Block blobs are made of blocks identifiable using a unique block id. The maximum block blob size is 200 GB."

5. What are the different types of queue mechanisms in Azure?

There are two types of queue mechanisms in Azure. Demonstrating knowledge of them helps an interviewer understand your Azure knowledge and experience. In this answer, describe the importance of using each type of queue mechanism when working with Azure.

Example: "The two queue mechanisms in Azure are Windows Azure Queues and Service Bus Queues. Windows Azure Queue is a part of the storage infrastructure featuring a REST-based put/get/peek interface. In contrast, Service Bus Queues are a part of a more complex and broader messaging infrastructure. Both are designed to provide messaging between Azure services."

6. What is Windows Azure Diagnostics?

Knowledge of troubleshooting common Azure issues shows your hands-on experience. It conveys to the interviewer your troubleshooting skills and your ability to deal with issues while working with Azure. In the answer, briefly describe Azure Diagnostics.
Example: "Microsoft Azure diagnostics lets you collect diagnostic data from services running in Azure. You can use the data measuring performance, debugging, troubleshooting, traffic analyses, auditing, monitoring resource usage and capacity planning. It is a constant check-up tool that ensures the proper working of services in Azure."


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