35 Interview Questions For a Cloud Engineer (With Answers)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 17 July 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Cloud engineers are responsible for building and maintaining the cloud infrastructure. These professionals may work on various aspects of the cloud, such as cloud architecture, cloud development, migration activities, cloud security and cloud maintenance. If you are interviewing for a position in this field, familiarising yourself with some commonly asked questions can help you in your preparation and increase your chances of getting hired. In this article, we list 35 interview questions for a cloud engineer and provide some sample answers to help you prepare for your interview.

General Interview Questions For A Cloud Engineer

Here are 10 general interview questions for a cloud engineer:

  1. Tell me about yourself.

  2. How would you describe your role as a cloud engineer?

  3. What are your greatest strengths as a cloud engineer?

  4. Which aspect of your work excites you the most?

  5. What are your biggest weaknesses?

  6. Why did you leave your last job?

  7. What excites you about cloud computing?

  8. What would your manager and co-workers say about you?

  9. What are your biggest accomplishments?

  10. Which qualities make you the best candidate for the job?

Related: Types Of Cloud Computing (With Definitions And Tips)

Questions About Experience And Background

Cloud engineers develop and maintain cloud solutions, identify and resolve infrastructure vulnerabilities, review existing systems and make recommendations to improve processes and provide cloud support. Hiring managers often ask questions about your educational qualifications and work experience to assess your skills and expertise in the field. Here are 10 questions you can expect:

  1. Do you have experience in leading a team?

  2. Can you tell me about your experience working with cloud-based solutions?

  3. How do you stay current with industry trends?

  4. Have you taken any additional certification courses?

  5. Can you tell me about some of your significant accomplishments?

  6. What skills or experiences have you gained from your last position?

  7. What are the best practices for cloud adoption?

  8. Can you describe some challenging projects you worked on in your previous organisations?

  9. How did you help organisations migrate to the cloud?

  10. How do you handle stressful situations?

Related: What Is A Cloud Architect? And How To Become One

In-Depth Interview Questions For A Cloud Engineer

A series of in-depth questions assesses your proficiency in using cloud-based solutions, along with your understanding of basic cloud concepts and knowledge of cloud platforms and their services. Here are 10 in-depth questions that you may encounter during an interview:

  1. What is cloud computing?

  2. How does a cloud-based solution ensure security?

  3. What are the differences between cloud and traditional computing?

  4. What is the pay-as-you-go model in cloud computing?

  5. What is a cloud service?

  6. How do you secure cloud applications?

  7. Can you explain the different phases of cloud architecture?

  8. Explain hybrid and community cloud.

  9. Explain the importance of APIs in cloud services.

  10. What are the various data types you can use in cloud computing?

Related: What Is An AWS Solutions Architect? A Complete Guide

5 Cloud Engineer Interview Questions With Sample Answers

Here are some common interview questions that hiring managers may ask you, along with sample responses:

1. What are the benefits of cloud computing?

Interviewers ask this question to determine how well you understand the basics of the cloud. In your answer, clearly list the advantages of cloud computing.

Example answer: 'Using cloud computing makes it possible to access data from any location around the globe. It improves collaboration by allowing users to share information quickly and with ease. Compared to traditional computing, companies can reduce their hardware and maintenance costs by using cloud computing. Cloud service vendors also provide data security and regular security upgrades which ensure the secure storage and handling of an organisation's data, along with its accessibility. Using cloud computing, users gain access to services on the cloud through application programming interfaces and pay for the services as they use them'.

Related: Azure Interview Questions (With Example Answers)

2. Can you list the various cloud service models?

Interviewers may ask this question to gauge your knowledge of various models that cloud computing offers to fulfil business requirements. In your answer, state the models along with some examples of each type.

Example answer: 'Cloud computing offers three cloud service models which are IaaS, PaaS and SaaS. IaaS, also known as infrastructure as service, offers users with computing, storage and networking resources as per demand and pay as you go basis. This saves the cost of purchasing and maintaining physical servers. Some examples include AWS EC2 and IBM cloud. Platform as a service or PaaS is an extension of an IaaS. Along with providing all the services available in IaaS, it also allows programmers to develop, test and deploy an application on the cloud. Some examples of PaaS vendors include Azure and SAP cloud.

SaaS, also known as software as a service, enables end users to access cloud applications through an Internet browser, along with all the underlying infrastructure and platforms. Advantages of using SaaS include accessibility, scalability, reduced operational and infrastructure costs, increased security and access to analytic tools. Some examples of SaaS vendors include Salesforce, Dropbox and Google Workspace'.

Related: What Is Software As A Service (SaaS)? (Examples And FAQs)

3. What is a cloud-native application?

The interviewer may want to know how well you understand various cloud-based applications. While answering this question, start by defining what a cloud-native application is, include its advantages and provide some examples.

Example answer: 'Cloud-native applications are programs built to take advantage of the distributed computing that the cloud provides. It involves designing a framework, developing an application, debugging and testing it for errors and functionality and deploying it to the cloud for third parties to use. These applications make use of the scalability, flexibility, elasticity and security that the cloud platforms provide.

Cloud-native applications are microservices-based, where microservices break the application into smaller services or modules that make it easier to execute them in parallel. These smaller modules communicate via APIs. They are also container based, which involves packaging the code, dependencies and runtime into a container image. Microservices also make troubleshooting easier by allowing one to identify the source of issues. Health care, finance, supply chain management and education are some sectors that benefit from cloud-native applications'.

Related: What Are Identity Access Management Tools? (With Examples)

4. What are the disadvantages of cloud computing?

This question aims to assess your knowledge of cloud computing and your ability to understand the needs of a business before recommending cloud-based solutions. Keep your answer short and concise. An example at the end of your answer makes it easier for the interviewers to understand your point.

Example answer: 'Some common issues associated with cloud computing include data leakage, cloud downtime, limited control, account or server hijacking, costing and data loss or theft. Though the pay-as-you-go model is flexible and lowers hardware costs, it may not be very beneficial for short-term projects that have fewer requirements. It is essential for companies to conduct thorough research and cost analysis before opting for cloud services.

An example would be a manufacturing company which develops a new technology that reduces operational costs and increases revenue. Because of the possibility of theft or a breach of cloud security, they may not wish to store this confidential information or develop their products in the cloud'.

Related: 11 Common Technical Courses To Improve Your Knowledge

5. What are the various deployment models in cloud computing?

This question aims to assess your knowledge of various cloud deployment models and your ability to choose a model based on a business' requirements. In your answer, provide details on each deployment model and its advantages.

Example answer: 'Several factors determine the type of cloud environment, including ownership, scale, security, access and the nature and purpose of the cloud. A cloud deployment model determines where and who controls the servers one uses. Various cloud deployment models include public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud, community cloud and multi-cloud. Public clouds make systems and services accessible to anyone. Because of its open nature, the public cloud may be less secure. Private cloud is a one-on-one environment for a single customer and is suitable for storing confidential information. It provides greater security and control over cloud resources.

Hybrid clouds incorporate the advantages of both public and private clouds. Businesses can avail the benefits of both the deployment models by moving data and applications between the two based on their needs. Community cloud allows a group of organisations to access its systems and services. It is cost-effective, secure and enables collaboration and data sharing between organisations. Multi clouds refer to employing multiple cloud service providers to suit a business' needs. This reduces latency and ensures high availability of cloud services'.

Related: 7 Virtualisation Interview Questions With Sample Answers

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

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