8 Common Sqoop Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)

Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 30 September 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Recruiting managers typically ask different questions to assess if you possess the requisite skills and knowledge of SQL-to-Hadoop (Sqoop) and are a qualified candidate for the job. If you are preparing for the Sqoop-related job interview, you can expect a range of questions from Sqoop fundamentals to its components and relation with other technologies. If you research and study the questions that interviewing managers prefer to ask, it may be easier for you to prepare before for the interview and create a positive impression.

In this article, we share eight commonly asked Sqoop interview questions and example answers and provide a few helpful tips to increase your chances of success in interviews.

8 Sqoop Interview Questions And Sample Answers

Here are eight Sqoop interview questions with sample answers you may find helpful for your preparation:

1. Give me a brief introduction to Sqoop

The recruiter may want to know if you understand the basics of Sqoop and thoroughly researched it. An overview of Apache Sqoop's history and application to the actual world is often helpful to include in a suitable response.

Example answer: 'Sqoop stand for SQL-to-Hadoop. It is a tool for importing data from different relational databases. It helps move data from relational databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, SQL Server and DB2 to Hadoop. Apache has developed this open-source architecture and a command-line application programme. We can also export data from the Hadoop disk with its assistance.

Sqoop export and the Sqoop import are the major two features Apache Sqoop offers and they can help us retrieve information from many kinds of databases. Because of the substantial community support and contributions, Sqoop is a powerful tool.'

Related: 6 Apache Server Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)

2. What do you understand by Sqoop Import? Why is it used?

A recruiter may ask this question to gauge your competence in working on real projects. To convince the interviewer, utilise a well-known and accurate description to explain it and discuss its importance.

Example answer: 'The Sqoop Import tool helps to import relational database management system (RDBMS) tables into Hadoop distributed file system (HDFS). The import tool treats each row in a data as a record in HDFS whenever it transfers the data from the database to HDFS. The Sqoop import utility helps import table data into the Hadoop file system as a text or binary file.'

Related: Relational Database Management Systems: MySQL Vs. MSSQL

3. Describe the Sqoop metastore

Such theoretical questions help the interviewer evaluate your management and technical abilities. In your response, mention an example of how you used threads and managed background tasks and sub-processes to build a Sqoop application.

Example answer: 'A Sqoop utility called Sqoop metastore helps to set up the Sqoop application so that it can host a shared repository of Sqoop job metadata. It can also enable us to manage several users according to their functions and roles and to carry out tasks. The Sqoop metastore, which by default is an in-memory representation, enables several users and developers to carry out various tasks or operations simultaneously to complete the tasks quickly. When we created a task using Sqoop at my last job, it kept its definition in the metastore, which other users from any node were able to access and run.'

4. Mention the use of Sqoop-merge?

This question tests your understanding of fundamental terms and concepts. You can briefly define Sqoop, Sqoop-merge and sorting in your response. Next, explain why these concepts are important.

Example answer: 'The Sqoop utility, Sqoop-merge, makes it easy to join two separate datasets. The inputs of one dataset prevail over the inputs of the other dataset in this tool. When merging the two different datasets it offers a smooth procedure that ensures data preservation with no data loss efficiently and safely. A merge key command, such as -merge-key, helps start the merge process. It is highly helpful for effectively moving the enormous volume of data from relational databases and structured database servers like Hadoop.'

Related: 11 Common Hadoop Interview Questions (With Example Answers)

5. Tell us about the updating process of the data or rows already exported to the destination?

Interviewers may ask you questions on data or rows to determine how well you comprehend database-related concepts. With such a question, the interviewer can determine how well you understand Sqoop and whether you can use the proper language for data or rows.

Example answer: 'The parameter update-key can help update rows that are already exported to the destination. A comma-separated field list is helpful when this option is present to identify each row distinctly. The query's SET section then monitors all the table columns. The WHERE clause that is produced following the UPDATE query makes use of each of these columns.'

Related: How To Develop A Code Of Professional Ethics (With Examples)

6. Tell us about the role of Java EE database connectivity (JDBC) drivers.

An interviewer can assess your familiarity with Sqoop by asking you such a question. In Sqoop, the developers often refer the driver to as the JDBC Driver. JDBC is a standard Java interface for connecting a few data warehouses and relational databases. While answering, clarify the notion and consider providing some examples.

Example answer: 'If we wish to link Sqoop to a database, we require a connector and a JDBC driver. As a JDBC driver, each database vendor provides this connector particular to their database. To connect with Sqoop, a JDBC driver is essential for each database. It is important to note that a JDBC driver alone does not link Sqoop to databases. Sqoop requires a JDBC driver and a connector to link to a database.'

Related: What Are The Different Database Types?

7. Explain boundary query and mention its use.

These questions help the interviewer test your technical skills by observing how well you understand boundary queries. It is crucial that you define the boundary query in Sqoop precisely in your response to this question.

Example answer: 'The boundary query helps in the Sqoop import process to determine the boundary for producing divides like select min(), max() in the given table name. The boundary query is mostly useful to divide the value by the database table's id number. We can divide the value by a range to create a boundary query. To use boundary queries to split the table, we require knowledge of all the data in the table. Boundary queries can also help integrate data from a database to HDFS.'

Related: SQL Query Interview Questions For Freshers And Experienced Candidates (With Sample Answers)

8. What do you understand by InputSplit in Hadoop?

The interviewer asks this simple question to evaluate your expertise and problem-solving abilities. As using an input split in Hadoop is a novel idea, the interviewer may look for a novel response that you can explain well.

Example answer: 'The logical form of data in Hadoop MapReduce is called InputSplit. It serves as a representation of the data that a specific mapper has processed. As a result, the number of data splits and the size of map tasks are equal. The framework separates the split into records that are processed by the mapper. This means InputSplit divides input files into pieces and assigns every split to a map to execute whenever a Hadoop job executes. It calculates the length of the MapReduce InputSplit in bytes.'

Related: What Is Big Data Hadoop? (Definition And Career Opportunities)

Tips For Preparing For Sqoop Interviews

Besides knowing basic Sqoop interview questions, you may consider the following tips while preparing for interviews:

Know what to study

You may already know the related programming language and software the role requires. Research and find which features are most important for the job and interview. Knowing the focus of the interview beforehand can help you concentrate on the essential sections. Various companies may have different skill requirements. Some businesses place greater emphasis on some database technologies than others. Review the job description and the company website to understand the expectations of the potential employer.

Related: How To Manage Interview Fatigue In 5 Steps (Plus Tips)

Create a plan

It is crucial to prepare for an interview in an organised manner. Early planning ensures that you finish all necessary tasks and stay motivated. For instance, a roadmap may begin with a review of the Sqoop fundamentals, then go through relational databases and then work on more advanced concepts.

Related: A Complete Guide To Reinforcement Learning (With Types)

Stay positive

Remind yourself of the strengths you offer to the role through self-talk. Keeping a pleasant and calm demeanour throughout the interview can also prove helpful. Maintaining a positive attitude also helps improve your tone of voice and makes you look confident while answering.

Related: How To Keep A Positive Attitude: A Complete Guide

Prepare questions to ask

The interview is also an opportunity for you to get answers to job-related queries. It is always helpful to come prepared with intelligent questions to ask at the end. You may bring a printed sheet or a notepad containing your questions for the interviewer. This demonstrates your initiative, professionalism and interest in the role.

Practice interviewing

Try practicing common answers a few times before your interview. Preparing the words and phrases you wish to emphasise in the interview may be helpful to show how you may benefit the company after getting hired. You can also ask a friend or a colleague to set up a mock interview with you.

Please note that none of the companies, institutions or organisations mentioned in this article are associated with Indeed.

Explore more articles