What Is a Job Title and Why Is It Important?
Updated 18 March 2023
The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.
A job title refers to your official designation in the company. It indicates your seniority level and roles and responsibilities in the organisation. Understanding the importance and usage of job titles can help you search and secure a suitable job to match your work profile. In this article, we explore the meaning, types and importance of job titles, along with the examples of common job titles used in different industries.
What is a job title?
A job title is the position you hold in an organisation. It denotes the types of tasks you perform in your company. It also indicates your level of seniority within the organisation. For example, if your job title is assistant social media manager, it indicates that you perform the tasks related to social media management and that you assist the social media manager. Job titles are typically a few words in length.
Related: 6 Differences Between A Job Position And A Job Title
Types of job titles
There are basically three types of job titles:
A job title that indicates the seniority level, such as chief executive officer (CEO), managing director (MD), whole-time director, country head, regional manager, assistant manager, team lead and chief supervisor.
A job title that describes what you do in the company, such as pilot, chauffeur, driver, automobile engineer, social media executive, customer service executive, housekeeper, programmer, mechanic, cook and waiter.
A job title that reveals both the seniority level and the tasks performed, such as assistant marketing manager, director (technology), chief financial officer, head cook, lead accountant and production supervisor.
Read more: How to Get the Job You Want
Why is a job title important?
A job title is important because of the following reasons:
It reflects your career advancement
Most of the large companies use job titles that show a clear progression in your career. For example, you may start as a sales executive and move on to become a senior sales officer, sales team lead, assistant sales manager, sales manager and regional sales manager. This career progression can be with the same employer or with different employers over the course of your career. Your present and past job titles show the potential employers how well you are progressing in your career, which in turn reflects your talent and abilities.
Your career progression record also determines your suitability for the new position (job title) you are applying for.
It helps determine your salary-level
Potential employers would offer you a salary based on your job role and seniority level. Since your job title would reflect both these aspects, companies often use the job title to determine a matching pay package. Many companies have a certain salary range tied to specific job titles. Thus, job titles can also give you a broad idea about the pay you can expect for a certain position.
It helps in application screening
Large corporations often use an applicant tracking system (ATS) to shortlist suitable candidates for various open positions. This system uses job titles and relevant terms as keywords to filter candidates meeting the basic eligibility criteria. Thus, job titles play an important role in automating the recruitment process.
It helps in employee growth planning
Companies need to have a suitable employee development plan in place in order to retain employees for a longer period of time. Having a job title-based promotion policy and career path within an organisation can help companies engage employees in a more meaningful manner. For example, if a company has a transparent growth policy from an entry-level position to a senior managerial position, employees would be more motivated to work hard and reach the highest position in the organisation instead of looking for opportunities outside the company.
Tips for using job titles effectively during the job search
Your current job title and the title of the job you are looking for play an important role during the job search process. Here are some actionable tips to use job titles effectively to search and get a position of your choice:
Research various job titles
Prepare a list of job titles related to your field. You can browse through job portals and online job listings to get a better understanding of the type of job titles prevailing in the industry. You can then decide on the types of jobs that would be suitable for your personality, skills and qualifications. This will help you determine if you should be looking for a career change. You can also decide on the positions you should be aspiring for as you move up in your career.
Use job titles to refine your job search
Once you are decided about the type of job you need, choose a few common job titles that are most relevant to that job. You can then use these job titles to browse through current job openings. Indeed lets you search through a wide variety of job listings using job title and location as search parameters. You can also browse through jobs by category and then further refine your search by job title.
Read more: Guide: Using Indeed.com Job Search
Use appropriate job titles on your CV
Be sure to use appropriate job titles on your CV, especially in the career objective, profile summary and experience sections. It will help you pass the ATS filters and increase your chances of getting shortlisted for the interview. The specific job titles on your CV will also give a clear idea to the recruiter regarding your previous employments and the type of job you are currently looking for.
Read more: 10 Resume Writing Tips To Help You Land a Job
Examples of common job titles by functions and industries
Below is a sample list of job titles companies generally use across different functions and industries. It will help you get a basic understanding of what positions are usually available in your interest areas.
1. Sales job titles
Following are the common job titles for sales positions:
Direct sales associate
Senior sales officer
B2B sales specialist
Head – corporate sales
Regional sales manager
Floor sales manager
Retail sales head
Wholesale sales manager
Country head – sales
Director – sales
2. Marketing job titles
Following are the common job titles for marketing positions:
Field marketing executive
Direct marketing officer
Social media specialist
Business development representative
Digital marketing manager
Content marketing manager
Assistant brand manager
B2B marketing strategist
Senior product manager
Vice president – marketing
3. Finance job titles
Following are the common job titles for finance positions:
Personal finance consultant
Risk assessment officer
Lead business consultant
4. Human resources job titles
Following are the common job titles for human resources positions:
Human resources executive
Human resources officer
Human resources manager
Chief human resources officer
Talent acquisition manager
Human resources specialist
Director – human resources
Training and development manager
Employee relations officer
Employee welfare officer
Labour law compliance officer
5. Information technology job titles
Following are the common job titles for information technology positions:
Front-end web developer
Mobile application developer
Chief information officer
Android application developer
IT support executive
Technical support executive
Junior PHP developer
6. Customer service job titles
Following are the common job titles for customer service positions:
Call centre agent
Phone banking officer
Email support executive
Chat support executive
Online support executive
Customer support – social media platforms
Client service representative
Technical support representative
Customer care executive
Customer service manager
Help desk executive
Customer relationship officer
Customer relationship manager
HNI relationship manager
7. Leadership job titles
Following are the common job titles for leadership positions:
Chief operating officer (COO)
Managing director (MD)
Chairman and managing director (CMD)
8. Engineering job titles
Following are the common job titles for engineering positions:
Quality control engineer
Process control engineer
9. Science job titles
Following are the common job titles for science positions:
Senior research associate
Clinical research associate
Clinical research director
Oil exploration expert
Clinical genome analyst
Hospital research assistant
Research fellow in immunology
Explore more articles
- How To Write A Business Development Executive Resume (With Example)
- Medical Assistant Skills For A Resume (With Examples)
- Functional Resumes: Tips, Steps, Sample and Advantages
- How To Write An Instrumentation Engineer Resume (With Template And Example)
- Guide: How To Write A Joining Letter
- What Are Bank Teller Skills? (Definition And Examples)
- SDET Skills (With Definition, Examples And How To Improve)
- How To Write A Digital Marketing Manager Cover Letter
- Channel Sales Manager Resume (With Template And Example)
- Writing a Cover Letter: Tips and Examples
- How To Make A Resume On Word: The Step-by-Step Guide
- How To Write A Collection Manager Resume (Template And Tips)